Any exchange of information moves through the entire set of memory cells.If you need information about any subject or situation, the memory is sufficient to provide a small part of similar data, and the entire flow of information immediately builds up in the desired combination.
However, if there are several groups of associations that are similar to each other and have a lot of similar criteria, it can lead to confusion in our minds, so we in such situations it is very difficult to remember the required flow of information.
What are the main mechanisms of memory a person has?
memory principle is this: the brain to store information, does not store data, as in the photo, but through association it can form such a hol
ogram, which will subsequently able to get the full image, even if the association a little "fuzzy"or not all the data are extended.
Short-term memory and long term memory
There are two mechanisms for information storage, one for short-term memory (KVP) and one for long-term memory (DWT).
in memory (short-term), there is a rapid deterioration of information, while the long-term memory stores the data stream is much longer and more stable.Information from the OHR, if it is not the object of attention, immediately begins to wear off, even if through repetition, can be restored.
short-term memory abilities are very limited: if the information is not repeated often enough it will - disappear.Complex data present in every moment of short-term memory, called buffer repetition.This information is stored in a buffer until such time as it is transmitted in the long-term memory, or until replaced by a new one.
Long-term memory is considered to be virtually unlimited, but not eternal, and the reactivation of the information can be prevented by replenishing associations, which are necessary for its identification.
Immediate return information (a memory) may not be correct because it was not presented in long-term memory.And the share of long-term memory information may be missed because it is not sufficiently strong ties to focus on them.
This theory also explains why some memories seem distant memory: such memories are not available, because their presence would be unacceptable for a person because of anxiety or feelings of guilt, which can activate the discomfort.Therefore, the information has not disappeared, but the subconscious mind does not give the necessary data for the creation and consolidation of associations.
People suffering from amnesia, forget not all, but only the personal moments of life.This happens often on the basis of emotional trauma, in this aspect of amnesia allows you to escape from the bad memories.However, often some of these unpleasant memories can thrive when we constantly see, hear or feel the associations connected with an unpleasant past.
Practical tips to improve the mechanisms
his memory to improve your memory and remember something specific, you should always look for additional associations and concepts that can be associated with positive emotions.We must try to find a seemingly uninteresting, even in the matter, the interests, both direct and indirect (for example, the benefits that can come in handy in the future).You should look for positive reasons to remember, and if there are none - to create their own.In this case, all suitable methods of persuasion and communication, in which you are sure that they will act on you.Improve so your memory can be very good, but it will take quite a long time.
If you start to study new material at school or at work, or choose to study for a new foreign language, you must first make sure that the issue is really interested in you, appreciate all the positives and find as much as possible to find them.After this learning process can take a very long time.
To improve memory, taking into account these mechanisms, it is necessary to repeat memorized a few times and create multiple associated organizations.In this case, it will be easier to remember.For numbers, such as dates, you can use association with other rooms or simply because of internal associations to the same number: apartments, street, birthday of a loved one.