According to statistics, it at least once in a life ill with 8 out of 10 people.Hemorrhoids occurs varicose veins and inflammation of hemorrhoids, which are located in the rectum.
disease is fraught with not only a strong discomfort that it causes, but also to numerous complications.The presence of this problem requires internal consultation with a specialist, followed by the selection of treatment.
Depending on the location of hemorrhoids, symptoms and treatment of the disease will vary greatly.Hemorrhoids can be:
- 1) Internal.
- 2) outside.
- 3) combined.
External hemorrhoids are often called anal.It differs from the inner form that hemorrhoids bulge out near the anus and are clearly visible even to the naked eye.For this form of characteristic is the abundance of various unpleasant symptoms, which bring a lot of inconvenience to the patient.
Combined hemorrhoids - a combination of internal and external forms.This combination is considered the most severe and usually develops as a result of neglect of timely medical advice and treatment.
In the ordinary course of hemorrhoids disease goes through four stages of development - from the first symptoms to severe state of the last stage of the disease.
Appearance of the earliest symptoms marks the first stage of hemorrhoids.At this stage, the disease is only beginning to emerge.The first units of small size, which only began to appear, people often do not notice it.And the presence of symptoms and the discomfort is still so small that they rarely pay attention.
second stage develops, if the first of its manifestations are not appropriate measures for the treatment and elimination of the causes have been taken, provoking disease.At this stage amplified pain, and loss occurs outside nodes.Typically, at this stage sufficiently high efficiency indicate preparations for local treatment.
third stage differs from the second in that self straighten hemorrhoids within no longer turns.They fall not only when defecating, but even with the slightest exertion.
fourth stage is fraught with the most serious symptoms and complications.Nodes are almost always outside, at the same time they are very hurt and bleed.In most cases at this stage already recommended surgery.
Causes and risk factors for hemorrhoids
main reason for the formation of hemorrhoids is a pathology of blood vessels and an increased tendency to thrombosis.Disease is formed due to the fact that due to this dysfunction is greatly enhanced arterial blood flow in the rectum, and the outflow of blood through the cavernous veins, on the contrary, reduced.
to the formation of hemorrhoids causes a lot of factors.In most cases - are problems with the gastrointestinal tract.One of the most common reasons - is constipation.In this issue of the feces is too long delayed in the rectal cavity, pressure on its walls and causes irritation.In addition, a person who is often the case of constipation, defecation usually much straining, which also helps deprived of pressure on the veins.
Such influence benign and malignant tumors, as well as any inflammation found in the pelvic area.
stagnant processes in the veins of the rectum, and also contributes to a sedentary lifestyle.For this reason, hemorrhoids become so widespread in our time, when the lack of exercise for many is a way of life.In addition, subject to disease and people who are engaged in heavy physical labor, implying lifting heavy loads.
cause of hemorrhoids in women often become pregnant or childbirth.Almost every second, the fairer sex after the birth of a child diagnosed with some degree of the disease (see. How to treat hemorrhoids after giving birth).
Signs and symptoms of hemorrhoids
Hemorrhoids is very important not to miss the symptoms at an early stage, when the disease can still be cured with minimal intervention.
first symptoms of hemorrhoids, which are designed to alert the person, as a rule, linked to the unnatural sensation in the rectal area.In the photo on the right you can see the external hemorrhoids.
person feels unusual severity, which may occur after a bowel movement, and in some cases precede it.This feeling persists even after being emptied intestine.
Over time, discomfort in the anus is much worse.There is a strong and acute pain, which usually increases with bowel movement and physical effort.Due to the pain the person starts to restrain the urge to defecate.As a result of this, many people develop constipation.Hemorrhoids are usually takes the chronic form.
One of the most unpleasant symptoms of hemorrhoids - is the emergence of nodes.When the outer form they are located near the anus, and in the domestic - in the rectum.When the disease progresses, the components falling out, while delivering great discomfort to the patient.If a strong inflammation of the nodes can be added to the symptoms of high fever and blood in the stool..
See also: photos of hemorrhoids at an early stage.
How to diagnose hemorrhoids?
Diagnosis of hemorrhoids includes several methods.
Initially suspicious symptoms proctologist performs a digital survey of the lower rectum.This method is mandatory for any Proctologic diseases and gives the physician the ability to judge the presence or absence of pathology.
More accurate results can be obtained, having an anoscope.This study is conducted by a special rectal mirror, just after palpation.
In most cases of suspected hemorrhoids are also conducted and sigmoidoscopy.This method provides a detailed examination of sigmoidoscopy lower division of the sigmoid colon and rectum.
When the diagnosis is also necessary to do laboratory research.In particular, koprogramu - stool analysis, which will help to evaluate the intestinal microflora, to give information about the presence of enzymes, the presence of mucus or other pathological impurities.Also required is a fecal occult blood test and a complete blood count.
hemorrhoid treatment depends primarily on what stage the disease.So, if you have minimal symptoms excellent results obtained by using topical preparations - ointments, creams, rectal suppositories.Such cures for hemorrhoids usually contain a combination of several substances that have analgesic, anti-inflammatory, resolving the action.
also at all stages of hemorrhoids treatment is indicated systemic drugs: non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, venotoniki, medicines containing bioflavonoids.In addition to medical treatment, for a variety of non-surgical methods of treatment of the disease is actively used, the direction of the removal of hemorrhoids:
- infrared coagulation;
- ligation latex rings;
- laser photocoagulation;
- radioluchevogo use of a scalpel.
operation to remove hemorrhoids is called the hemorrhoidectomy.It implies a node excision with a scalpel.Generally, during such operation is also additionally used laser or electrocautery.
When Longo operations using special joints which are applied at the site of deposition units, slightly above their base.Thus, the rectal mucosa damage occurs to a minimum, and the patient recovers faster.
Hemorrhoid Treatment folk remedies
Besides conservative treatment methods for hemorrhoids are very popular traditional medicine.Such methods greatly facilitate disease symptoms and thus, in comparison with drugs are practically harmless.
very popular to treat hemorrhoids at home use hip baths.For their preparation using fees herbs that have anti-inflammatory and antibacterial effect.The structure of such fees include chamomile, St. John's wort, wild rose linden, oak bark.Trays are commonly used rates.The length of the course - from two weeks to a month.
High efficiency also show and ointments, cooked at home (see. Ointments for hemorrhoids).Such agents are prepared generally by the melted oil to which was added propolis, sea buckthorn oil, honey.
Finished ointment treated the affected areas, or applied it on gauze and injected into the anus.Home ointment promotes healing of wounds, relieves pain, eases defecation.
Read also how to treat hemorrhoids in men.
Hemorrhoids, especially in the absence of adequate treatment, is capable enough to provoke serious complications.In most cases, this complication can be thrombosis of hemorrhoids, which usually occurs as a result of a strong spasm of the sphincter.For this type of thrombosis is characterized by symptoms such as bleeding, weakness, rapid pulse, dizziness.
Launched inflammation sites also fraught with the development of abscess.The disease is a purulent inflammation of the rectum, in which the bowel tissue is gradually destroyed.This complication of hemorrhoids requires immediate treatment to the doctor and destination anti-inflammatory therapy and antibiotics.Otherwise, possible blood poisoning and death.
common complication of the disease is iron deficiency anemia.It develops as a result of the fact that inflamed nodes often bleed and this blood loss as a result of a strong effect on the level of hemoglobin, reducing their level of sometimes up to critical values.
Prevention of hemorrhoids
preventative measures for hemorrhoids help not only to avoid the recurrence of the disease, but also help to relieve the symptoms of already diagnosed with the disease.It should be to prevent the formation of hemorrhoids in the first place, to adjust your diet.The diet should be a variety of fruits, vegetables, bran, drinking plenty of pure water.
necessary to avoid fatty and high-calorie foods, and spicy dishes that are excessively irritate the intestinal wall.In addition, doctors recommend to establish a process of defecation, to avoid as constipation and diarrhea.It should follow and their weight as obese people are more prone to any type of thrombosis.
Often the appearance of the disease, especially the outside, can cause non-compliance with hygiene crotch area.Physicians are advised to use soft toilet paper as possible after each bowel movement anus rinse with cool water.
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