Despite the localization of inflammation, which is actually located in the lower respiratory disease refers to a group of diseases of the upper respiratory tract.
Tracheitis normally exists in two forms: acute and chronic.In most cases, the disease associated with other pathological conditions of the human body, such as laryngitis, bronchitis, sinusitis, rhinitis.
cause of acute tracheitis in adults is exposure to the mucous body of viruses and bacteria.In most cases we are talking about a stick influenza or pneumococcus.The inflammatory process in this case is often facilitated by such factors as:
- too dry or saw the air in a residential area
- unfavorable ecological situation
This occurs usually in people who abuse alcohol or smoking.Also, a similar phenomenon is possible for those who have a history of emphysema or cardiovascular disease.
Another cause of allergies is tracheitis.People who are prone to allergic reactions to dust, pollen, animal dander, and various chemicals, trachea often responds to the swelling.
Symptoms Usually, the first symptom of acute tracheitis is a rise in temperature.
In adults, it is usually kept low, and the children rises to 39 degrees and above.For elevated temperature may join weakness and headache.
most striking feature is the presence of a developing tracheitis cough.When tracheitis dry cough, night and morning time he has the ability to grow.
also attacks overtake patient with a deep breath, laughing or crying.During cough sputum stands, one feels the pain in the throat area and the sternum, it becomes difficult to breathe.
progression of acute tracheitis mucus becomes less viscous and gradually disappears.Very often there is also a runny nose, hoarseness.
chronic tracheitis has a similar clinical picture of an acute phase of illness, coughing in this form stronger, it is paroxysmal in nature.Also during chronic tracheitis in tracheal mucosa atrophic and hypertrophic changes may occur.If there is swelling of the mucous hypertrophy and dilation, and the mucous membrane begins to atrophy thinning, it becomes smooth and acquires a grayish hue.These changes increase the symptoms of chronic tracheitis and deliver patient discomfort.
What is necessary for the diagnosis?
correct diagnosis when tracheitis requires obligatory internal consultation with a general practitioner or an otolaryngologist.
After the doctor examined the patient and listened to his complaints, he may conduct additional procedures and laboratory tests to confirm the diagnosis.
Thus, a complete inspection of the trachea and larynx is carried out using a laryngoscope, and the procedure is called laryngoscopy.To avoid possible complications also used X-ray and bronchoscopy.Such studies also help to differentiate tracheitis from diseases such as bronchitis, laryngitis, epiglottitis, pneumonia, true and false croup.
If you suspect a tracheitis also recommended to make a complete blood count, some indicators which show the presence of inflammation in the body (increased erythrocyte sedimentation rate, leukocytosis).
In addition, your doctor may take a sample of mucus from the throat.With the help of laboratory tests he will confirm the presence or absence of specific viruses or bacteria that cause inflammation of the trachea.
Treatment of tracheitis tracheitis
treatment in adults is usually carried out in an outpatient setting.Since in most cases the disease is caused by viruses, there is no need to use antibiotics.Patients received antiviral therapy, as well as expectorant syrups and tablets for oral administration.
when laboratory analysis showed that tracheitis caused by bacteria, the antibiotics prescribed to the patient: azithromycin, amoxycillin, clarithromycin.To reduce the swelling of the mucous in almost all cases of the disease tracheitis also recommended intake of antihistamines.
If tracheitis is accompanied by high fever, the patient discharged antipyretic medications such as ibuprofen or paracetamol.Also in this case recommended to man and bed rest.
As for diet, the food should be light and soft in consistency, in order to not further irritate a sore throat.It is also recommended to drink plenty of warm, which alleviate the symptoms and help sell the temperature.
In some cases, the effectiveness will compress, use mustard plasters, inhalation, and a range of physiotherapy.
tracheitis Treatment folk remedies
Among traditional medicine recipes are many effective tools, designed specifically for the treatment of tracheitis at home.These methods are widely used in combination with conservative therapy.
- 1) Good effect in bronchitis and tracheitis give inhalation using potato steam.For this purpose, a small amount of boiled potatoes, it is then decanted from the water.Leaning over the pan, inhaling hot wet steam.At the head at the same time it is necessary to throw a large towel.This procedure is perfectly warms up the airways and promotes a speedy recovery.
- 2) When tracheitis recommended intake of herbs that have expectorant action.These herbs, in particular, belongs to marshmallow.It greatly facilitates the symptoms of acute tracheitis.To prepare the broth is used not leaves of the plant and its root.The prepared broth is consumed twice a day.
- 3) A good antibacterial agent are also teas for gargling, cooked at home.With regular use, they help to relieve swelling, kill bacteria in the mouth and throat mucosa.Infusions for rinsing is usually made from onion peel, calendula, chamomile, oak bark.
What can be complications?
In the standard course of the disease, acute tracheitis usually disappears after 2 weeks.
prognosis of the chronic form is not as favorable: in some cases, the disease can last for months.tracheitis The danger is that the infection of the trachea can be spread by the respiratory tract.
Most often suffer the bronchi, causing bronchitis develops.This complication has similar symptoms with tracheitis, cough but in this case painful and carries a fairly heavy.Furthermore, it tracheobronchitis distinguished by a high body temperature.
especially dangerous complication of pneumonia, tracheitis considered.This disease requires hospital treatment and the use of high doses of antibiotics.As a rule, tracheitis pneumonia may develop in young children and the elderly, who have significantly reduced the body's defenses.
Prevention tracheitis tracheitis
prevention is, first and foremost, in the timely prevention of seasonal colds and viral diseases.
In the autumn-winter period people who are prone to this kind of disease, it is recommended to be vaccinated against influenza.Also pay attention to your diet as much as possible to diversify its wholesome food.
For best effect also advised to take complex vitamins, immune modulators, biologically active additives.In addition, it is recommended to carry out a gradual stabbing the body, exercise regularly, often walking in the fresh air.
Since the cause tracheitis may be getting to the mucosal infectious agent, for the prevention of disease should be carefully adhere to oral hygiene.In this case it is a question of timely treatment to the dentist with dental diseases, mandatory rehabilitation oral gingivitis and stomatitis.
People diagnosed with chronic tracheitis, apart from the classical treatment scheme, it will be useful for some time to change the climate.This will be a good prevention of acute illness.It is noticed that the condition of such patients is significantly improved if the person is in an area with moist sea air.
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