most commonly between the ages of 45-55 years, while in some patients, it is saved up to 60 years, bringing her huge discomfort.
incidence of menopausal syndrome, according to various authors, varies considerably from 20 to 90%.However, the most common manifestation of this state are hot flashes, which are associated with vasomotor mechanisms.
reasons tides in menopause
Why are there tides, and what is it?The main cause of the tides - a sharp decline in estrogen levels in the female body.As a result, this leads to disruption of the normal regulation of vascular tone.Therefore, the diameter of the vessels is expanding sharply spazmiruyutsya (narrowed).
Development climacteric syndrome sharply increases the probability of various disease throughout the body.It is therefore important to identify predisposing factors that further increase the risk
- high blood pressure;
- elevated cholesterol levels in the blood;
- physical inactivity.
- regular intake of aspirin dosage in heart;
- weight loss;
- receiving cholesterol-lowering drugs.
addition to hot flashes a woman may disturb other symptoms of this syndrome.These include the following symptoms:
- increased sensitivity to cold, and chills;
- excessive sweating;
- rise and fall in blood pressure;
- quickening heart rate;
- pathological desire to sleep;
- depressed mood;
- dryness in the vulva;
- itching in this area;
- frequent painless urination;
- pain during urination, which are associated with inflammation;
- pain during intercourse;
- dry skin;
- brittle nails, etc.
Thus, typical for mild hot flushes per day up to 5, for an average of 5 to 10, and in severe - 10-20 hot flashes during the day.However, other criteria are taken into account when determining the degree of severity of the syndrome.
drugs during menopause hot flashes
main place in the treatment of hot flushes takes hormone replacement therapy during menopause.It implies the appointment of small doses of estrogen to correct existing violations.
As part of these preparations in addition to the estrogen component and a progestin available, which is necessary for the protection of target organs in perimenopause from the proliferative effect of estrogens, that is, to prevent cancer.Thus, to use the drug contain both estrogen and progestin (female hormones).
the targets for treatment of climacteric syndrome are as follows:
- 1) Reduction to the highest possible level of functional state of tissue-dependent estrogenic saturation of the organism.
- 2) Minimizing the clinical manifestations of the climacteric syndrome, which has a positive effect on the general health of patients and promotes the normalization of their quality of life.
They have the least side effects, well tolerated and have a positive effect on the organs of the system and women who depend on their level.Hormone replacement therapy can be carried out in one of three modes:
- receiving only estrogen or progestogen only;
- estrogens and progestins, which are assigned in round-robin fashion;
- estrogens and progestins, which are assigned to the single-phase continuous operation.
In addition to drug therapy to combat hot flashes a woman should live a healthy lifestyle, namely:
- 1) Exercise regularly;
- 2) Exclude from the diet of coffee and other caffeine-containing products;
- 3) Reject the use of alcohol and smoking cigarettes;
- 4) normalize psycho-emotional background (if possible).
folk remedy for menopause from
tide Traditional medicine recommends its methods of dealing with hot flashes during menopause without using hormones, they are effective only for mild menopausal syndrome severity.
First of all, you need to eat large amounts of soy products as soya - is a source of plant estrogens.Soy protein in an amount about 40 mg contains 75 mg of phytoestrogens.
In the second place, it is recommended to take special herbs that normalize vascular tone and promote the normalization of psycho-emotional state of the patient.These plants include:
- soy and others.
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