Masked depression - a disease characterized by painful physical symptoms andsigns pointing to somatic diseases (cardio - vascular system, gastro - intestinal tract, the respiratory system).
However, at the same time, clear organic manifestations, enabling attributed these symptoms to certain diseases, as a rule, are completely absent or are hidden.
Depressed mood in this case is practically not noticeable to others and felt only by patsientom.Tendentsiya hidden (masked) by symptoms of internal diseases - the most characteristic feature of masked depression.
It should be noted that these masked subdepressive condition quite common and currently account for about 30 - 80% of depressive disorders.Psychotherapist for such people is often a last resort after the last underwent a long period of tests and treatments, d
And it's not in the low-skilled physicians who are unable to diagnose the patient, complaining, for example, pain in the heart or problems with the digestive tract, instrumental examinations which showed no specific changes in the internal organs.Often the symptoms of physical ailments by hiding emotional problems of the patient - or rather, masked or hidden (bipolar, somatisation) depression.
Signs and symptoms of depression masked ^
This type of depressive disorder may manifest itself in the sets of options.Its peculiarity lies in the fact that he, as a rule, does not contain the main manifestations characteristic of the main types of depression - mood decline, guilt ideas samounichezheniya etc.
leading symptoms in the clinical picture of masked depression are just somatic disorders, such as:.
- general malaise;
- difficulty breathing;
- increase in blood pressure;
- dizziness, headache;
- irritable bowel syndrome;
- hyperventilation syndrome;
- itchy skin;
- eating disorders (bulimia, anorexia);
- sexual disorders;
- pain syndromes of various plan and so on. D.
characteristic of latent depression is a change in somatic symptoms, in which the person has the impression that he is developing several diseases.There is also the seasonality of exacerbations, "disease" and some patients fenced off from the outside world.Often they do not get help from the experts of official medicine, are beginning to turn to the representatives of its alternative directions.
sign that the existing symptoms are a manifestation of the hidden masked depression, it is the lack of results from clinical inspections, confirming the diseases of internal organs.All this can only be established after a series of diagnostic tests carried out by the attending physician - therapist.
And finally, the most characteristic feature of latent depression - lack of improvement of the human condition in the appointment of the alleged treatment of somatic diseases.
correct diagnosis often helps clarify relationships arisen disease with resulting mental trauma -. The death of a loved one, the complex relationships in the family, at work, etc.
Treatment masked depression ^
In treating masked depressionThere are two approaches:
As the basis for depression, according to current research, is insufficient production of serotonin in the brain involved in the transmission of nerve impulses in the body, modern methods of medical treatment of depression, based on the use of antidepressants, often justified.These drugs are very effective and most of them provide a rapid disappearance of the somatic manifestations of the disease.
However, the most effective combination of getting medical treatment with psychotherapy, which allows to solve the problem of external sources of depressive disorders - eg, the patient's relationships with colleagues at work or with relatives.
In the arsenal of the modern therapist has many directions and approaches that provide psychological support to the person and solve it external or internal conflicts.Psychotherapy is easy to solve many seemingly intractable problems of the patient:
- helps to study the deep internal komplekssy,
- reduce painful affective stress,
- find alternative solutions traumatic situation.
Despite the fact that masked depression is quite difficult to diagnose, it is perfectly treatable.It is important not to ignore their unstable mental and physical condition, and pay close attention to the body and in a timely manner to seek help from a qualified technician.
See Also video clip of a famous doctor - psychotherapist Elman Osmanov about symptoms and current treatment of depression: