gum Bleeding is the most common symptom of periodontal disease - a complex of tissues surrounding and holding the teeth in the jawbone.
Despite the fact that a periodontal also include bone around the tooth and muscle ligaments that hold the teeth in the jawbone, most people are faced with the problem of the gums - a constant or episodic bleeding, swelling and inflammation.
What is periodontal disease and periodontitis - what's the difference between them ^
Many people mistakenly believe periodontal disease trifling and did not require emergency treatment of a symptom - when "harmless" bleeding gums simply rinse the mouth and herbs do not go to the doctor.However, engaging in
fact that gingivitis (the initial stage of periodontal disease), the main symptom is bleeding gums, rather successfully (almost 100%) can be treated if it is to start at the first symptoms.
If the disease takes a running form, then there is a risk of losing teeth even at a young age.According to WHO, 80% of children under the age of 10 years are already early signs of gingivitis, which is associated with significant physiological stress of periodontal tissues in the growing organism during eruption, the formation and growth of teeth.
As for the elderly, their teeth due to periodontal loss occurs in 95% of cases.However, there is good news - if even a few decades ago with the disease periodontitis to keep the teeth was considered virtually impossible, zubosohranyayuschih modern development technologies to successfully stop the destructive process.
Periodontal Disease: Causes, symptoms, treatment ^
Periodontal disease is a relatively rare disease (it accounts for only about 3 - 4% of cases of periodontal problems), whereas periodontitis occupies "honorable" second place among all dental diseases (immediately after caries) and is present in varying degrees in almost 95% of the adult population.
Periodontal disease - it is a non-inflammatory disease of periodontal tissues, which are due to internal disturbances in the body, leading to malnutrition and periodontal tissue blood supply and, as a consequence, to the atrophy of the alveolar processes (bony edges of the tooth holes).
a result of atrophic processes in periodontal disease occur sclerotic changes in the bone tissue, reduced interdental septum and gums gradually become thinner and as if "settle", giving rise to the effect of "wedge-shaped teeth" with bare roots.
Subsequently increased sensitivity to chemical and thermal stimuli, change their color and destroyed the enamel.Subsequently, as a result of neglect and complete atrophy, the teeth become loose and fall out badly.
Causes of periodontal disease are both innate (genetic predisposition) and triggered by the following factors:
- changes in hormonal levels (pregnancy, puberty, menopause),
- bad habits (smoking),
- certain diseases (diabetes, atherosclerosis, irregularities in the gastro - intestinal tract, vitamin deficiencies),
- taking certain medications (often anticonvulsants).
Local factors, such as exposure to micro-organisms, a significant role in the development of the disease does not play, but serve only aggravating an unfavorable factor.Treatment of periodontitis
Although an effective treatment of periodontal disease that is currently missing, there is a physiotherapy and surgical modern technology to recover the gums and to reduce itching, pain, hypersensitivity and other unpleasant symptoms.
Physical therapy aimed at improving blood circulation and regeneration processes in the periodontium.These include:
- massage gums,
- gingival shower,
- magneto-laser therapy.
good massage to the gums and the best prevention of periodontal disease is chewing solid plant food.Abuse soft refining food leads to depletion and atrophy of bone tissue, and with regular chewing solid food, especially raw fruits and vegetables, on the contrary, there is a training vessel gums and natural cleansing of plaque.
Because surgical treatment of periodontal disease using surgery to remove the periodontal pockets, eliminating microabscesses and festering gums, bone grafting, removal of infected overgrown soft tissue closure of bare roots, raised descended gums.
One of the promising directions of treatment of periodontal disease becomes use of cellular technologies to stimulate the recovery of their own bone.These operations are already under way in Moscow.
Periodontitis symptoms, stages, treatment ^
Periodontitis, unlike periodontitis, is an inflammatory character and manifested a connection between the destruction of the tooth, gums and surrounding tissues, the formation of deep periodontal pockets and the gradual deformation and destruction of the bone tissue of the tooth socket.
Since periodontal disease most often develops slowly and gradually over the years and does not cause discomfort in the early stages it is quite difficult to diagnose.However, it should be noted that there are cases sufficiently rapid development and disease.
stages of periodontitis
- First, the easy, harmless and effectively treatable stage of periodontal disease (gingivitis) is accompanied by a slight redness, inflammation and bleeding gums, bad breath and the formation of shallow periodontal pockets.
- At moderate added the following symptoms - small tooth mobility, the emergence of cracks and gaps between the teeth, proper education and subgingival stones, difficulty in chewing food, the deepening of periodontal pockets (up to 5 mm), with slight discharge from them.
- In severe teeth begin to hurt badly, move to the sides, stagger and fall, and periodontal pockets deepen and out of the cavity there are frequent and copious purulent discharge with an unpleasant odor.
Causes of periodontal disease are quite diverse, and the main of them are traditionally considered to be a lack of oral hygiene, however, all is not as easy as it might seem.Indeed, the microbes that live in the mouth and forming dental plaque (stones), can affect the periodontal tissues, they cause inflammation and lead to loosening and tooth loss.Therefore, periodic professional plaque removal is essential, but, unfortunately, insufficient prevention tool.
teeth is no less important role in the development of pathology plays an uneven load on the teeth, uncorrected malocclusion, prosthetics errors and jaw injuries.For example, periodontal disease often develops if removed 6th teeth and dentures soon not installed or incorrectly formed contact between the upper and lower jaws.Adverse effects may render the wearing of braces, microtrauma at cutting the thread, the habit of chewing on one side, leading to an overload of individual parts of the jaw, use toothpicks as metal objects, the effect on the enamel of acids and alkalis.
It is important that the seal has been set correctly - do not protrude over the edge of the tooth, and at the same time, a close fit to it.If the seal is adjacent leaking, the germs and infections can easily penetrate to the root and destroy him, if the seal hangs, this prevents the quality of plaque removal, and as a consequence, inflammation of the gum tissue.In case of incorrect prosthetic pathological process developed locally, that is, only in problem areas.In such cases we say about the local gingivitis or periodontitis local.
In addition, the trigger for the development of the disease often appear overall negative for the whole organism factors:
- decreased immunity,
- diseases of the salivary glands,
- diseases of the endocrine system,
- poor diet.
In this case, the pathological process develops in all teeth and wears Generalized (universal) character - Generalized gingivitis or periodontitis.
Treatment of periodontitis
Treatment of periodontal disease in the early stages, as mentioned, has a very favorable prognosis, so it is very important at the first alarming symptoms to consult a dentist.First of all, you should alert the occurrence of bleeding during brushing and chewing hard food.
To get started, try to replace the toothbrush on a softer and use toothpaste and mouthwash with added healing, antiseptic and firming natural ingredients.If this does not lead to the desired result, you should immediately consult a doctor - periodontist, as it is impossible to ignore the bleeding.
At the first stage treatment is limited, as a rule, professional cleaning and removal of plaque and the use of folk funds from periodontitis - applications of aloe leaves and rinse with the help infusions and decoctions of herbs (chamomile, oak bark, sage, plantain).Traditional medicine recommends with bleeding gums and rubbing them with sea salt and honey - 20 g of honey, mix with 5 - 10 g of salt and rub the gums and teeth every day, not leading to injury.
In addition, the presence of periodontal pockets of their doctor suggests washing with antiseptic solutions - a process that helps reduce inflammation and swelling of the gums and reduce bleeding.If the teeth lose their stability, shows temporary or permanent splinting particularly strong tapes - first on the tooth surface making a groove about 0.5 mm deep, then it placed tape and close the filling material.
To gain stability and are widely used surgical techniques, in particular patchwork technique, transplantation of soft and bone tissues and controlled artificial bone regeneration.Flap operation applies when too deep gingival pocket (5 mm) and the need to reduce its depth.For this purpose is a small incision in the gum area and cleared of stones to bare at this root.Then leveled the affected contour the bone and sutured incision.
transplantation of soft tissue (taken from the palate) used for become exposed tooth roots and for cosmetic purposes, and bone transplants (from its own bone tissue or synthetic) used in significant destruction of the bone tissue for retaining the tooth, and for regeneration of new bone tissue.
Prevention of periodontal disease ^
For the prevention of periodontal diseases need to be serious about the state of their teeth:
- at least 1 time per year visit the dentist for professional oral hygiene,
- brush your teeth two times a day and,if possible, after each meal,
- after eating to remove it from the remains of the interdental spaces using dental floss,
- to choose a toothbrush with rounded and not too coarse bristles,
- to eat.For periodontal health in the menu should be physiologically required amount of proteins, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins, trace elements.Do not abuse sweets and eat more fresh organic fruits and vegetables,
- give up bad habits and lead a healthy lifestyle.