renal agenesis , its treatment and subsequent life with one kidney

renal agenesis - a pathology of organ formation during fetal development when the child no one or just two kidneys.At the same time remain unformed or other kidney structures.In this case the ureter can be developed almost normal or absent altogether.Agenesis - a frequent malformation, and life with one kidney due to inadequate medical action can be complete.

Reliable information that agenesis is a genetic disease, inherited, no.Often the cause of pathology are numerous fetal malformations due to the influence of exogenous factors on it during pregnancy.

At the same time that the child has only one kidney is the innate, there are other anomalies in the structure of the urogenital system.The ureter and vas path on the affected side may also be absent.Girls with agenesis diagnosed defect formation of the reproductive system.Risk factors for symptoms in the newborn agenesis can include the presence of the disease in the mother such as diabetes.

Causes

prerequisites that a child one kidney at birth, yet

laid in the early stages of fetal development - when the authorities made the formation of the unborn child.

It was found that the risks of having a child with agenesis significantly increase those mothers who suffer from diabetes.In addition, agenesis can be triggered by stroke in the emerging bud ureteral or other teratogenic factors.

Symptoms

disease When forming unilateral agenesis in a newborn is usually absent and the ureter.May develop pain in the groin area, in the sacrum, as well as violations of the structure of organs of the reproductive system.

If a child is born with one kidney, then usually he has an unhealthy appearance, namely deformed ears, strongly protruding forehead, flat and broad nose, swelling and puffiness of the face.When such an anomaly kidney structures are usually premature babies, healthy kidney increases in size as implementing compensatory function.

Varieties disease

Bilateral renal agenesis is the third clinical type.This newborn babies more likely to be dead at birth.But there are cases when children were born full-term and alive, but already in the first days of life died due to severe deficiency.Currently, medicine does not stand still and is constantly being improved, so there is the possibility of a technical organ transplant newborn and subsequent organization of hemodialysis.It is important to differentiate a timely two-way form of agenesis with other anomalies of formation of urinary channels.

Unilateral renal agenesis form is considered the first clinical type of pathology and is innate.In the absence of one kidney entire functional load assumes a healthy kidney, which often increases in size due to the replacement work.Increase in the number of structural elements in a healthy kidney allows the body to implement the work of two normal.But the risk of severe complications in case of injury of the kidney is greatly increased.

Unilateral agenesis form, accompanied by a lack of the ureter - the main feature of such an anomaly is the lack of ureteral mouth.Due to the structural features of the body men agenesis in males it is combined with the absence of flow, through which semen is displayed, as well as some changes in the structure of the seminal vesicles.Such deviations in the development provoke pain in the groin area, sacrum, pain during ejaculation and male sexual function disorders.

Diagnostics

abnormality diagnosis of renal agenesis is usually set according to the results of computed tomography urography, ultrasound, provided that the newborn there are flat and broad nose, low-set and several deformed ears, puffy face, strongly protruding frontal lobes,increasing the distance between the eyes, the insufficient size of the upper jaw.Sometimes manifested severe folding of the skin, the deformation of the lower limbs, reduction of the lung size and increase the volume of the abdomen.

If a child has one kidney is normal, it is almost free of any symptoms of the disease and detect it by accident.Bilateral agenesis is complemented by a form of polyuria, increased blood pressure and kidney failure.

In the first days of life, any form agenesis is manifested by vomiting, dehydration, high blood pressure, kidney failure, and polyuria.

agenesis usually diagnosed through cystoscopy, excretory urography and angiography.

Treatment of diseases

development of the disease in infants causes huge risk to life.At present there are two types of treatment of renal agenesis, namely: antibacterial treatment and surgical intervention, ie transplantation of a donor kidney.doctors often have to carry out the operation, because the organ transplant is the most effective treatment, despite the high risks to the health and life of the child.

During the successful treatment of renal agenesis, the children have a chance to engage in further fulfilling life.

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