What are the symptoms of kidney disease in children manifested in their lesions , diagnosis and treatment

At its core, the kidneys filter are represented by which the body removes harmful substances.The main purpose of the kidneys - is the implementation of the excretory functions via the secretion process and filtration.The possibilities of adaptation of the child is not very good, especially in the crucial moments of maturation.Symptoms of kidney disease in children is most often formed at this time.

kidney disease the child may develop due to poor ecology, consumption of low-quality products and genetic predisposition.Signs of the disease may be different, but do not notice, or to mix them with other diseases is very simple, but when it detects even the slightest manifestations of the need to take your child to the doctor.

Renal failure

renal insufficiency does not become self-pathology - usually a plurality of syndrome of pathological processes that cause the corresponding clinical symptoms.Kidney failure can be acute or chronic.

Symptoms of kidney failure in children - is anuria, fluid and electro

lyte balance, disrupting the functioning of the cardiovascular system.With time begun treatment of acute kidney failure condition normalized child health over the past two weeks.In severe forms of hemodialysis.

Chronic kidney failure is formed as a result of neglect abnormalities of kidneys - glomerulonephritis, amyloidosis, pyelonephritis.By the appearance of the syndrome cause some systemic nature of the disease.In chronic renal failure manifested intoxication, disorders in the stomach and intestine, the nervous system, blood pressure rises, there is scanty discharge of urine.

Tuberculosis kidneys

The child has kidney tuberculosis develops as a complication of tuberculosis of the lungs.Treatment of renal tuberculosis is organized with the help of special medications, chemotherapy.The complexity of the pathology diagnosis is that it is a long time causes no symptoms and diagnosed by analyzes.In this connection, it requires periodic diagnosis for children at risk.The risk group includes children with dysfunction of the genitourinary system, with serious complications of kidney disease.

also have such diseases and disorders that increase the risk of formation of renal tuberculosis, namely - the anomalies of kidney structure and excretory system, pyelonephritis, complicated births.

Urolithiasis

Pediatric urolithiasis is very common, but because of the lack of attention of parents abnormality is detected too late.Clinical symptoms are characterized by pain in the lumbar region, and blood in the urine is often present.

usually small stones out yourself.At their output appears rare pain and starts the attack.Pain moves with the stones and after the stone out of the kidney child feels pain in the sacral area, lower abdomen, in the genitals.Urging to urinate may end with no avail.Stone clog the lumen output from the kidneys and cause renal colic.In the kidney begins to accumulate urine.

diagnosis of urolithiasis in a child is conducted on the basis of complaints, taking into account the symptoms that suggest the presence of kidney stones.Then, urine and blood are implemented, organized sightseeing urography, ultrasound.

Jade Jade is a collective term that includes any inflammatory process in the kidneys.The acute form of nephritis develops due to the presence of an infectious outbreak or after the transfer of infectious pathologies.

Wearing wet shoes, chill, strong wind are a risk factor for symptoms of jade.Measles, scarlet fever and other similar diseases often have a negative impact on kidney health.

Typically, the child complains of feeling unwell, dragging pain in the lumbar area.Sometimes shaped swelling on the face and on the body, increases blood pressure, reduces the amount of separated urine, urine change.The forecast remains favorable treatment, but treatment is delayed for a period of one to three months.In the period of acute child should be treated in the hospital and bed rest and diet.

Pyelonephritis pyelonephritis inflammation called non-specific nature, which is caused by bacteria and which suffer from renal pelvis, calyx and renal parenchyma.



Pyelonephritis can be unilateral, bilateral, it is classified depending on the cause of development.Pathogen enters the kidney with blood or urinogenno.

With the development of pyelonephritis child complains of pain at the location of the kidney.Generally pain is dull in nature, sometimes attacking attacks formed manifestations of intoxication.To carry out diagnostic research requires analysis of urine and blood.

process of treating kidney disease

After finding the child any symptom of kidney damage, parents should as soon as possible to take him to the doctor urologist or pediatrician.Signs of kidney disease in children can be a manifestation of severe pathology.treatment is prohibited to carry out on their own.Before the appointment of a particular treatment strategy doctor prescribes diagnostic examinations in order to get the full clinical picture of the disease and make an accurate diagnosis.

usually organized for the child following examinations:

  1. Urinalysis - it helps to establish the presence of salts, sediment, red blood cells and blood particles, as well as any other abnormalities of urine composition.
  2. Complete blood count - it helps to determine whether the child's body in some processes of inflammation and the presence of symptoms of intoxication in the body.
  3. Ultrasound diagnosis of kidney - it helps to establish the presence of congenital abnormalities in the structure of the urinary system, they are painful changes, the presence of sand or stones.

On the basis of information received from the parent and child specialist establishes and refines the diagnosis, develop appropriate treatment for each case.

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