Oligophrenia - is acquired in early childhood or congenital disease, which is characterized by underdevelopment of mental processes, and mainly affects the intellectual abilities of man.
Inferiority development can be seen as early as infancy.For example, doctors pay attention to the latest manifestation of the child's emotions on the face of the mother, sluggishness and lethargy.It is not good when the baby is not interested in games, the surrounding phenomena and long monotonous manipulated with one subject.At times, children with delayed start to sit, talk, with great difficulties learn the skills of self-service.
retardation in children has always shown problems with the production of speech - slowly enriched vocabulary, there is an unclear pronunciation of sounds in speech are present gross distortions.Such phenomena can be seen at an early age, but parents do not pay too much attention to it.And by the time your child enters school it becomes obvious that he is not ready to learn and requires in
Mild retardation in the child allows you to keep the memory at a satisfactory level.Such patients are often identified good music data and the ability to count quickly.But these children hardly can form abstract concepts, independent judgments and inferences.
Due to the narrowness of thinking ill people are easily suggestible and are influenced by outsiders.
Children with debility are not able to develop a standard program of secondary school, so their training takes place in special educational institutions.In the provision of proper attention by the teachers and children of the family are well perform simple manipulation and do not become a burden.
Signs retardation are also in the impossibility of controlling their own emotions.The child is very stubborn and short-tempered, and has a tendency to vagrancy.
Diagnosis retardation irrespective of age is based on identifying the signs of defective development of the mind and mental processes, as well as the limitations of its nature.For this specialist thoroughly acquainted with the history of the disease, it sets the dynamic development of the mind and the structure of its failure, somatic and neurological condition, the internal ratio of the possible causes and manifestations of the disease.
identify mental retardation and its degree of progression difficult, especially in the early school years, because the diagnostic criteria only for school-age children can be applied pathology.Despite this, it is required to identify the deviation as early as possible.
The younger the person, the conditional will determine the degree of dementia.This is a statement of possible defects in the development of intelligence, the establishment of further development of the prognosis of the disease, which in most cases depends on the child's brain capacity and compensation from the used treatment and education.
disease Specific treatment is conducted under the condition of establishing the underlying cause and provoke the development of disease.
When retardation caused by a violation of the metabolic processes in the body, the patient is assigned to dieting.If endocrinopathies being treated with hormonal therapy.In order to stimulate the work of mental processes used Aminalon, piracetam and other medications and vitamins of group B. The important role played by defects in compensation medical and educational therapy, the organization of labor training and vocational adjustment.
in social adaptation and rehabilitation of people with a diagnosis of mental retardation in the retardation phase simultaneously with the health authorities attended a special educational institutions.
Prevention of some genetic variations retardation has been held on the stage of gestation of the child, namely:
- conducting surveys of pregnant women to detect lesions of the organism of syphilis, toxoplasmosis, etc .;
- prevent destruction of the body of a pregnant woman with rubella or other viral infectious pathologies;
- highly skilled assistance during childbirth, prevention of producing child injuries at birth and neonatal infection serious infectious diseases.
These manipulations help to effectively combat the appearance of congenital retardation in children.