Aniopatiya retina is not an independent disease, it is only a symptom of diseases of the circulatory system in the body, namely - the blood vessels in the retina.
Causes of retinal angiopathy are in violation of the nervous regulation.In modern medicine, this violation is given a lot of attention, because it can cause grave consequences for the entire body, reaching to vision loss. angiopathia may involve, as an adult, and the child's body, but mostly it is diagnosed at the age after thirty years.
reasons for the formation of a pathological condition
reasons angiopathy of the retina may be related to a variety of environmental factors or disruption of the functioning of internal organs.Thus, the main reasons include:
- Various injuries and their consequences.
- Cervical osteochondrosis.
- too high intracranial pressure.
- Pathology of the circulatory system.
- Violation of the nervous regulation of vascular tone in the walls.
- Work experience in hazardous work.
- High blood pressure.
- old age.
- poisoning organism.
- System Diseases - Autoimmune vasculitis nature.
- Congenital anomalies in the structure of the vascular walls.
Causes of retinal angiopathy in children coincide with the causes of this deviation in the adult.
Varieties and signs of angiopathy
In medicine known following retinal angiopathy variety eyes:
- Hypertensive form.
- Diabetic form.
- Hypotonic form.
- Traumatic form.
hypertensive angiopathy develops in connection with the appearance of hypertension.For this form of the disease characterized by an uneven decrease in arterial lumen optic zone of the day, varicose veins, bleeding in the form of dots in various locations eyeball channel branching vessels.If this kind of disease was launched, the tissue on the retina begins to change, and when arresting angiopathy fundus regains a healthy appearance.
In the absence of proper treatment of diabetes develops diabetic angiopathy form.This microangiopathy and macroangiopathy -
two types of this condition can be formed.Microangiopathy - a thinning of the walls of capillaries, provoking bleeding in the surrounding tissues, and a violation of the general circulation.
macroangiopathy characterized by lesions of the large vessels of the eye.This can be both causes retinal angiopathy.The manifestation of diabetic angiopathy is accompanied by an increase in the thickness of the basement membrane, clogging the vascular walls, so they are much narrower gap and eventually may entirely overlap.
These pathologic changes significantly reduce the performance of blood microcirculation in the body that stimulates tissue hypoxia.When running a pathological condition begin numerous hemorrhages and a marked deterioration of the organs of vision.
When hypotonic form of the disease occurs throbbing veins and a strong expansion of the lumen of the artery.This is complemented by tortuosity of vessels.
traumatic angiopathy of the eye may occur due to unexpected heavy pressure on the chest, because of a neck injury and brain.This is consistent with damage to blood vessels is in the cervical region and the rise of intracranial pressure.
- deterioration of the functioning of the visual organs and blurred vision.
- Loss of vision.
- degeneration in the retina.
- Mote in the eyes.
- progression of myopia.
Treatment pathology and correction of
In implementing therapy for diabetic angiopathy forms besides pharmaceuticals specialist appoints a special meal, implying the rejection of any use of foods high in carbohydrates.People with this diagnosis recommended feasible exercise, because they help the body to consume sugar and restore the work of the cardiovascular system.
in the treatment of hypertensive forms the main role belongs to the restoration of the pressure index and the normalization of cholesterol concentration. Treatment is usually performed by a physician or therapist cardiologist.To improve the condition of patients is obtained by the additional use of physiotherapy techniques.
normalize the condition of patients with arterial disease effectively obtained through laser irradiation.The implementation of the treatment of disease involving not only ophthalmologists and other physicians related specialties.Like this?Share with friends and acquaintances: