Anaphylactic shock : the symptoms and signs of disease

Anaphylactic shock is called a hard, life-threatening condition, which is caused by contact of the human body with certain foreign substances, called allergens or antigens.

Its emergence can cause some medicines (vitamins, antibiotics, protein preparations), foods (nuts, seafood, fish), contact with latex, stinging insects poisons.The literature has repeatedly described well and anaphylactic shock from a bee sting.This type

startle inherently represents straight-type allergic reaction in which an allergen interacts with antigens fixed on the membranes of mast cells and basophils.As a result, the cell membranes are destroyed and the blood stream enters a series of allergy mediators (histamine, bradykinin, serotonin).These substances lead to a dramatic expansion of the peripheral small blood vessels (mostly arterioles).Blood starts to be deposited on the periphery, decreases blood pressure.

Symptoms of anaphylactic shock

In most patients, the first symptoms of this terrible disease are feeling h

ot, chest pain or headache, flushing of the skin, the fear of death.

Symptoms of anaphylactic shock developed almost immediately after contact with the allergen patient (from a few seconds to several minutes).

very rapidly decreases blood pressure, tachycardia increases.There depression of consciousness, involuntary urination, seizures.

symptoms in different variants

disease Anaphylaxis can occur with a primary lesion of various organs:

  • Cerebral option - manifests severe headache, nausea, vomiting, loss of consciousness, convulsions, involuntary urination;
  • asthmatic variant - with him in the clinical picture to the forefront resulting from bronchospasm dyspnea;
  • Cardiogenic option - manifested clinical picture of myocardial infarction or acute myocarditis;
  • Cutaneous - characterized by flushing of the skin, severe itching, the appearance of urticaria and / or angioedema.

consequences of the disease

Any kind of sick, whether it be a painful shock, cardiogenic, anaphylactic, toxic shock, or any other can lead to very dire consequences.It frightened condition affects all organs and tissues of the body.

After suffering an anaphylactic shock in a patient can develop diseases such as glomerulonephritis, allergic myocarditis, vestibulopathy, diffuse lesion of the nervous system, neuritis.

First aid

The first suspicion that the patient develops the disease, should immediately call an ambulance.Before the arrival of experts should, if possible, to stop the further receipt of allergen in the patient's body (to remove the sting of an insect to cease contact with latex, etc.).



The patient should be put, and turn his head to the side (prevention of aspiration and the tongue).Release the patient from displeased him articles of clothing (loosen the belt, unbutton his shirt).Provide inflow of fresh air to it.

Laying in anaphylactic shock

Any kind of fear - it is urgent conditions requiring immediate medical attention.Whether or anaphylactic such as cardiogenic shock - first aid must be provided immediately.

in hospitals ambulances have special packing to assist patients in this condition.

The styling, designed to assist in anaphylactic shock include syringes, systems, solutions substitutes, venous tourniquet, adhesive tape, scissors.In addition, it is required to include the following ampoule medicines:

  • Antihistamines;
  • Glyukokortkoidy;
  • Tranquilizers;
  • Adrenaline;
  • Atropine;
  • Eufillin;
  • Cardiac glycosides;
  • Diuretic drugs.

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