The operation on kidney stones : species and conducting surgical procedures

As a rule, the formation of stones required an operation on kidney stones.Previously, they were removed by means of extensive abdominal surgery, which included a long recovery, and also left major scars on the human body.Modern medicine helps to remove the stones without punctures and cuts.

unique equipment allows doctors to reach the urinary stones through natural channels.At the same time everything that happens in the human body, it is recorded on a monitor through an endoscopic camera.

Preparations for surgery

When is the removal of stones from the kidney, surgery requires careful preparation.The patient is assigned antioxidant supplements, medications that improve blood flow.Sometimes it is necessary implementation of antibiotic therapy.

This is important! If the patient is admitted to a medical institution with renal colic and stone stuck in the urinary channel is imperative to conduct a kidney drainage.For this melenky through a puncture in the side of the tube is introduced through the pass

age of urine it occurs in a special container.

Before the operation the patient is assigned:

  • General urine.
  • Common blood tests.
  • Blood tests for blood sugar and coagulation.
  • Biochemical blood tests.

Surgical removal of kidney stones is done only under general anesthesia.In any case, immediately before surgery the patient undergoes examination by a specialist anesthetist, giving specific instructions.

open surgery to remove the stones

Operation removal of stones from the kidney is performed through the skin incision, subcutaneous fat and muscle tissue.Thus, the physician gains access to the ureter and kidney itself.Then the stone is removed from the body and realized stitching the incision in layers.

This method is very labor-intensive and postoperative recovery may take even more than two weeks. to postoperative complications include postoperative hernia and kidney tissue damage.In this connection, open surgery to remove stones is less preferred treatment unlike the crushing due to the high risk of complications.

But sometimes open removal remains the only possible method, when an organization can not be conservative therapy.Occasionally a stone so large that can not dissolve it with medicines and herbs.Also with very large calculi impossible to realize their crushing.

Another common cause of emergency open surgery becomes severe attack of renal colic when other treatment measures do not bring relief to the patient.Sometimes the stone covers the ureters, so do not be unchecked and without the advice of a specialist to take diuretics.This will trigger the movement of the stone and the blockage of the lumen of the urinary channel.

sparing technique to eliminate the stones with a laser

This method is implemented by means of access through natural channels in the human body.By means of special equipment and tools through the lumen of the urethra is made entry into the cavity of the bladder, then - in the ureter, and finally - a kidney.

This is important! Thanks to rigid and flexible endoscopes with camera at the end there is an opportunity to see the stone on the monitor.Furthermore, made the introduction of the laser instrument and held stone destruction.Small fragments are then extracted from the body.

Endoscopic removal of kidney stones is used in a situation where the stones are small, no more than 2 cm, if the stone diameter greater than 2 cm, then use other methods of treatment.

laparoscopic surgery to remove the stones

Laparoscopy kidney stones is done through puncture access to the body and the implementation of several small skin punctures.The physician using special tools enters the peritoneal cavity.In addition to the tools punctures entered a small chamber.

all surgeons working inside the human body during laparoscopy can be seen on the screen.Tool Diameter thus should not be more than 10 mm.Subsequently sold a kidney puncture and expansion passage to a few millimeters - further into the puncture inserted the endoscope and the stone is exposed to destruction.After that, the pieces are removed and crushed stone.

Once completed the removal of kidney stones laparoscopy, the kidney is installed drainage in order to improve and accelerate the healing of that after a while removed.The recovery period after the operation takes no more than five days.This method can be considered more advantageous as compared with surgery because reduced blood loss from the body, decreases traumatic danger for nearby tissues.

After completion of the laparoscopy in intensive care the person is only a few hours and during this period it almost does not require the introduction of painkillers.Besides laparoscopy kidney causes cosmetic defects on the patient's body.

This is important! This removal can be regarded as the most effective, particularly in comparison with open surgery.At the same time, such manipulation is very difficult to carry out in technical terms, so they require a great physician training, experience and qualifications.

Lithotripsy is an effective method

Lithotripsy is considered to be an excellent method of remote removal of kidney stones.It is based on the use of shock wave.Thanks to a special unit created by the high-pressure flow, focusing on the stone.The shock wave through the human body even crushes the calculus, and then the pieces of stone removed from the body.

Lithotripsy is performed by X-ray, laser or ultrasound guidance, the entry into the body centered narrow focus on the stone.treatment process will take no more than twenty minutes, after which the patient is allowed to go home.This method also does not require anesthesia.

Advise patients on rehabilitation time

main recommendation for all patients after the removal of stones is in compliance with strict regime fluid intake.As the patient drinks the liquid, its body, and in particular, the channels are washed by urinary clots and obstructions.

Power after the operation must take into account the chemical composition of the stone removal in order to prevent recurrence.

to the recommendations can be attributed, and phytotherapy, which is indispensable for the prevention of complications and is an excellent way to prevent the formation of new stones in the kidney.

patient is also recommended as soon as possible to begin to lead an active lifestyle in order to normalize the blood circulation and the functioning of the intestine.

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