What causes inflammation of the veins ?Their symptoms and treatment

inflammation of veins (phlebitis) - a very common phenomenon, which protect against almost impossible.It is accompanied by swelling and some pain in the feet and hands, a clear manifestation of the drawing, heart palpitations, fever, limb stained bluish-red color.

There are 2 main types of inflammation:

  1. deep vein inflammation (thrombophlebitis).
  2. Superficial phlebitis.

thrombophlebitis - is an inflammation of blood vessels with the formation of a thrombus (blood clot), which can travel through the bloodstream and into the lungs.This is a very dangerous disease that requires hospitalization and treatment with anticoagulants.A superficial phlebitis vein tense and painful redness (the appearance of red stripes), and thickening of the skin over the affected area, weakness and fever.

Causes

  1. past infectious diseases.
  2. complications because of varicose veins after pregnancy and childbirth.
  3. The use of hormonal contraceptives.
  4. stagnation of blood in the vessels associated with the immobilization
    of the lower extremities.
  5. Introduction chemicals.
  6. complications associated with catheterization.
  7. Smoking.
  8. Prolonged exposure to the sun and so on.

inflammation of veins in the hand

phlebitis often occurs in veins of the legs, but can also appear on the hands.Inflammation of the vein in the arm is usually associated with complications after catheterization.Inflammation after vein catheter may depend on such factors as the size and location of the catheter of administration, the type of fluid that is injected, the duration of stay in the vein catheter.Phlebitis at hand can also occur as a result of catheter infections, mainly of which are enterococci, staphylococci, and others of Candida.

Inflammation of the lower extremities Varicose

, left unattended, can serve as a prerequisite for the emergence of phlebitis or thrombophlebitis leg.Key factors for vascular inflammation on his feet:

  1. Slow blood flow associated with the general slowing of the blood flow in the body;prolonged bed rest for various reasons;compression of the tissue surrounding the vein (the imposition of gypsum in various leg injuries).
  2. Increased blood clotting - congenital or acquired, occurring in oncology, hormonal imbalance, infectious diseases, taking certain medications.
  3. damaged venous wall, which occurs when the mechanical action, for surgical interventions, directed by intravenous catheters, administration of chemical solutions.

symptoms of thrombosis (thrombosis)

Signs of inflammation depend on where the clot formed in a general form of the illness.Symptoms such as swelling in the legs, skin discoloration, feeling a sharp pain in the calf muscles, heat and heaviness in the legs may indicate an inflammation of the inner veins.

Depending on the location of the thrombus may find swelling of the lower leg, ankle or hip, blood vessels swell and become hard, the body temperature rises.Often inflammation of the internal veins can develop symptoms that lead to complications with fatal consequences.

Effective treatment

Treatment of thrombophlebitis - conservative and surgical.Inflammation of the inner veins requires adherence to strict bed rest, to avoid the spread of embolisms and microflora.



position of the limbs should be kept in the high state on the bus, which will help improve venous return, reduce pain and swelling.It is recommended to drink plenty of fluids - up to 2-3 liters per day.

A superficial thrombophlebitis patient can turn around and sit down, hold the foot in a horizontal position, apply a hot compress.To reduce pain and improve circulation spend lumbar novocaine blockade.

Conservative treatment:

  • Physiotherapy - ultraviolet radiation, infrared radiation, etc. solljuks
  • The use of anticoagulants - means reducing blood clotting..
  • Hirudotherapy (leech) - only in acute thrombophlebitis, when the patient has a contraindication to anticoagulation.
  • Receiving drugs that reduce the amount of prothrombin in the blood and prevent the formation of new blood clots - fenilin, bishydroxycoumarin, neodikumarin, sipkumar.
  • use of fibrinolytic drugs, leading to lysis of blood clots in the early stages - fibrinolizin, trypsin, streptokinase, chymotrypsin, urokinase.

Surgical methods:

  • ligation,
  • dissection,
  • venectomy,
  • excision of thrombosed superficial veins nodes.
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