Hemorrhoids is one of the most common pathologies of the rectum.If there is hemorrhoids during pregnancy - what to do, so many are interested in the fair sex.
Of all the references to the proctologist on the intestine is almost 40% of patients - patients is the disease.Especially great probability of its occurrence in pregnant women, therefore the prevention of hemorrhoids during pregnancy is very important.Hemorrhoids are characterized as a disease that runs from the overflow of blood blood vessels venous plexus localized in the anus area.These abnormally dilated veins are called hemorrhoids.
Features hemorrhoids developing during pregnancy
Hemorrhoids in early pregnancy occurs, but more evident in later periods, carrying a child, when the enlarged uterus causes a significant impairment of vascular blood supply.
Distinguish primary and secondary hemorrhoids.Primary is due to physical inactivity, when a woman spends a lot of time in a sitting position, malnutrition, obesity, chronic constipation
certain role for genetic susceptibility to venous insufficiency, receiving certain medications or exercises certain sports (motorcycling, rowing, weight lifting).When hemorrhoids occur for the first time during pregnancy, it also refers to the original form.It should be remembered that any means of hemorrhoids in pregnant women should be appointed a doctor after anamnesis and thorough examination.
Secondary hemorrhoids is a consequence of cirrhosis of the liver, severe heart and vascular pathologies, cancerous processes taking place in violation of the blood flow through the vessels of a small basin.If we talk about hemorrhoids caused by pregnancy, it is worth noting that women who at least once had children, suffer from this disease is almost five times more likely, therefore, prevention of hemorrhoids in pregnant women should be carried out necessarily.
This pattern can be attributed to the fact that the enlarged uterus puts pressure on the pelvic floor and consequently the hemorrhoidal venous plexus.Hemorrhoids are also determined by the constipation that often develops during pregnancy.The number of women giving birth and age affect the risk of the disease.
What should I do if I have hemorrhoids during pregnancy?The first is to forget about all the popular methods of treatment and consult a doctor immediately, as slightly pronounced disorders in the early stages of hemorrhoids in the future may develop into serious complications during childbirth and the postpartum period, and also may affect the normal course of pregnancy in its late stages.
addition, hemorrhoids can cause anemia, accompanied by arthritis and abnormalities of the genitourinary system, or skin.Often women with unexpressed symptoms do not think the question whether the hemorrhoids is dangerous during pregnancy, and then face a variety of complications.
This is especially true of women who have certain clinical symptoms of hemorrhoids are identified before pregnancy, but were not treated.That is why the woman before pregnancy, and even during this period should be attentive to their own health and report any violations of this doctor.
Signs and symptoms
Depending on the location of hemorrhoids are external and internal.Internal components lie inside the rectum, so they can not be seen during the inspection.Such formation of hemorrhoids cause itching, sensation of heat and pain that can go back to the sacrum.Bleeding from internal nodes are more massive, so patients with deep abnormally enlarged veins usually anemic.
External hemorrhoids during pregnancy is localized directly to the anus, so easily diagnosed by visual examination, a digital rectal examination is not necessary.Such components are subject to frequent precipitation and characterized by greater morbidity, which greatly complicates the process of emptying.
disease occurs as follows:
- first stage - discomfort in the anus, painful bowel movements, can be expressed slightly bleeding.The examination reveals hemorrhoids, but they did not fall, the rectal mucosa red, with signs of inflammation, small blood vessels dilated.If trouble starts hemorrhoids during pregnancy - what to do will determine the doctor who will diagnose and prescribe individualized treatment;
- second step - to join the previous symptoms of hemorrhoids loss.Patients complain of itching, discharge and pain pulling the nature of the anus, which is given in the lumbosacral region;
- third stage - all symptoms of hemorrhoids during pregnancy pronounced, loss of nodes requires manual reposition;
- fourth stage - the most dangerous, because hemorrhoids do not reduce a.This can cause severe pain in the anus area.
should mention the risk of major bleeding and thrombosis, in which the hemorrhoids become dense and sharply painful, around edema and hyperemia, while a woman can rise the temperature that adversely affect the condition of the fetus.If we talk about what hemorrhoids during pregnancy is dangerous, it should be noted that thrombosis and prolapse of knots and their subsequent jamming in some cases, a surgeon's care, and any surgery is extremely dangerous during pregnancy.
How to cure a disease?
In the treatment of this disease is important to observe the following rules:
- regulate bowel movements corresponding dietetic food.To do this, the patient's diet need to include foods that are high in fiber, as well as those that exhibit a laxative effect.It is useful to drink sour-milk products, dried fruits.
- hygiene plays an important role - it is better to use wet toilet paper (available at pharmacies), also need to carefully wash after a bowel movement;
- at external nodes can hold a sit-in bath with chamomile infusion or with a solution of potassium permanganate.
What can pregnant hemorrhoids, and that is contraindicated, can advise a doctor, do not listen to the advice of people who are not professionals in the field of medicine.With the ineffectiveness of non-pharmacological therapy, prescribers of local action, often in the form of suppositories or creams.
For fast pain relief is often used drugs, which include benzocaine or lidocaine.From the second trimester can be used Gepatrombin F - hemorrhoids cream for pregnant women, which exhibits anti-edema and anti-inflammatory effect.
to improve vascular wall from the third trimester may be taken Detraleks tablets.In acute hemorrhoids and the threat of paraproctitis appointed antibiotics.Any preparations of hemorrhoids during pregnancy can not be used without a doctor's recommendation.