Food allergy - a reaction of any kind caused by harmless food or its ingredients.The most common allergens are proteins, at least - carbohydrates and fats.One type of food comprises usually a large number of allergens.When allergy body perceives a harmless substance as a dangerous infection and causes the immune system to produce antibodies in large quantities to protect against an imaginary enemy.
food intolerance similar to an allergy, but protective substances are not produced at the same phenomenon.
Food prevalent in adults is not as widespread as is commonly believed - it affects only 2% of the population.This disease is inherited and seen in children in the first years of life, most often - when injected into chicken eggs protein diet.Most adults suffer from food pseudoallergy, which is actually a food intolerance.Symptoms of food intolerance are similar, and their treatment is also similar.
Symptoms of the disease usually reactions occur, usually within two hours after meals.In rare case
Early symptoms manifest themselves immediately after a meal - is swelling of the lips, mouth or throat, accompanied by itching.Furthermore, as we move on GI food may experience nausea, vomiting, stomach pain and diarrhea.
According patient skin condition can also track how food allergy appears - rash, hives, itchy, red skin and eczema.
Occasionally there is allergic rhinitis, accompanied by a runny nose and cough.
so-called delayed allergic reaction may occur in the period from a few hours to a few days after the adoption of the allergen.It manifests as eczema, hives or asthma attack.
In case of an allergic reaction are covered by several organs and body systems, there is an anaphylactic shock. This is the most dangerous reaction, which leads to food allergies - symptoms include swelling of the throat, is constantly growing itching, hives, sweating, low blood pressure. Breathing is usually difficult.Such condition progresses rapidly and can lead to death of the patient, so it is very important that the victim urgent qualified assistance.
Medicines for food allergies
to medicines that are recommended in cases of food allergies include:
- Antihistamines.Slow manifestation of allergic reactions by blocking the histamines produced in the body, at the same time relieve the symptoms, such as hives, itching, runny nose, gastro-intestinal disorders.
- Corticosteroids.Reduces inflammation and symptoms of the disease.
- Bronchodilators - used in people with asthmatic reactions.Makes breathing easier by relaxing the airways.
- Epinephrine.It is used in case of a strong manifestation of the reaction, such as anaphylactic shock.Introduced into the organism by injection, which leads to its immediate effect, epinephrine relaxes muscles and eases breathing stops the release of histamine.
Thus, one of the methods, which can be weakened by food allergies - treatment of its manifestations.
Another answer to the question, how to get rid of the disease, will be: follow a certain diet, prepared by the attending physician.From the patient's diet should be eliminated all potentially hazardous products, but it is necessary to obtain all the necessary vitamins.Therefore, the physician should recommend a diet.
development of food allergies in children
A child born to parents suffering from illness data is at risk.If a food allergy is sick one parent, the risk of the development of the child is doubled;if both parents - four times.However, the manifestations of allergies in children, and allergens can be similar to symptoms and allergens of his parents.
most common allergens - are wheat, milk, eggs, fish, soy, shellfish and nuts (peanuts).There is also a cross-allergy - it is that people with allergies to one kind of food over time may show reactions to other foods.For example, people react to peanuts, then begin to experience similar symptoms when consuming legumes (peas, soybeans, lentils).
allergy in an infant appears as a reaction to the mother's milk if the mother before it consumed a potential allergens.It is therefore very important that a nursing mother adhered to the diet recommended by her doctor.
Treatment of allergy in children carried in the same manner as in adults by dieting, use of antihistamines, corticosteroids, and other substances that alleviate the symptoms of the disease manifestations.Medication must be prescribed by a doctor in dosages corresponding age.