One form of liver disease is an infectious viral disease hepatitis.Can be transmitted from person to person, and some varieties of the yoke can develop into chronic hepatitis, cirrhosis or liver cancer, and liver failure.One of the most effective ways to prevent human infection with viral hepatitis is vaccination.
Currently, there are vaccines against hepatitis A and B. Moreover, vaccination against hepatitis B is included in the mandatory vaccination schedule and vaccination against hepatitis A is desired, mainly before traveling to geographical areas where the infection is common.The cost of vaccination against hepatitis B depends on the vaccine manufacturer.
Vaccination against hepatitis
adults to be vaccinated against hepatitis B may not only children but also adults.To avoid infection, the vaccination should be done not for adults over 55 years of age who have not previously suffered from hepatitis and as a child did not receive it.
Key facts about vaccination against hepatitis B:
- Vaccination against hepatitis B can be done at any age.
- vaccination against hepatitis B is not synthetic;
- it carries no danger of infectious, ie can not happen infected with hepatitis B virus;
- vaccination against hepatitis B for adults contains only part of the virus, and for this reason it can not cause infection, as forming a complete immune protection that is extended for life.
Hepatitis B vaccine produced by genetic engineering and contain only protein and not a virus.Therefore, sick with hepatitis B due to the vaccine itself can not be.
Older children and adults are vaccinated according to the scheme 0-1-6 months.That is the second vaccination gepatitadelaetsya a month after the first.A third vaccination against hepatitis B - half a year after the original.Vaccination protects against infection 8 years or more.
If suddenly there was contact with the infection or planned large operation with a blood transfusion, it is possible to carry out rapid vaccination schedule.And you need to be prevented as soon as possible.If there was a contact already in the graft of the patient, it is necessary to determine the level of protection of Am in the blood.And if the index is above 10 mIU / mL, an additional prevention is not carried out, and in other cases it is necessary to conduct additional vaccination, the introduction of specific immunoglobulin.
If at the time when it was scheduled vaccination, a person has a fever or general malaise, it is necessary to move the vaccination at a later date, until full recovery.
allergy to be vaccinated against hepatitis B can occur if a person has a serious allergy to nutritional yeast or any component part of the vaccination.Therefore, prior to vaccination, it is necessary to inform the staff of medical institutions.
not fully understood the impact of the vaccine on the pregnant women and fetal development.
Possible side effects
Vaccination against hepatitis B - one of the safest that man entered throughout life.But despite this, and it may be a reaction to the vaccine against hepatitis B, which are often associated with individual intolerance of the human body components of the preparation.
adverse reactions may be:
- pain at the place of introduction of vaccination (occurs in 1 in 4 vaccination);
- fever as a consequence of vaccination (occurs in 1 in 15 vaccinations).
More severe effects after vaccination against hepatitis B, resulting from the introduction of a vaccine against hepatitis B, very rarely occur.According to statistics, some serious allergic reactions to vaccines against hepatitis B, there are 1.1 times out of 1 million vaccinated.
Absolutely rare side effects considered reactions such as headache and dizziness, paresthesia (sensation of tingling and numbness in the body), as well as from the gastrointestinal tract - nausea, diarrhea, vomiting.On the part of the musculoskeletal system meets myalgia, arthralgia.
Complications vaccinated against hepatitis A
Any vaccine, as well as a variety of medicines, can cause serious complications.All side effects from vaccination against hepatitis of any variety are very similar to each other.This may be redness, induration at the site of inoculation, possibly fever.Very rarely are allergic reactions.
risk of serious complications or even death as a result of vaccination against hepatitis A is very low.
be vaccinated against hepatitis A will be much safer than ill with the disease.Where do
Hepatitis B vaccine should be administered by injecting into the muscle.The substance can not be administered subcutaneously, since this significantly reduces its efficiency, leads to the formation of the seal.In some countries, wrongly entered under the skin of the vaccine is not considered to be effective, so it is void, and by the time the injection is repeated.This is due to the fact that when administered into the muscle it enters completely the whole dose in the blood, thereby causing an immune response to the desired strength.
Usually children under 3 years of age, including infants vaccinated put in the thigh.Older patients the vaccine is administered in the shoulder.This choice of location for the administration of the vaccine due to the fact that at the shoulder and hip muscles are well developed and are located close to the skin.Also, it should not be vaccinated in the gluteal muscle because the subcutaneous fat layer is very well developed, and the muscle lies deep enough, so it is more difficult to get.In addition, an injection in the buttocks can damage blood vessels and nerves.