Currently, vaccination against rabies is the only person the ability to prevent the disease.
In the history of the research and treatment of this dangerous disease are only three significant cases of treatment, which were supported by appropriate laboratory tests, and the very first of them refers only to 2004.
This is why vaccination against rabies should be administered in all suspected case
Vaccination against rabies - for which it is necessary
main differences between the current rabies in humans and other representatives of the animal world, which can hurt the disease, scientists consider the following facts:
- incubation period of rabies in humans is large enough duration - it canstretch for weeks or even months, so vaccination would be done in all suspected cases.
Even at the minimum of its duration (10 days) on the condition of the victim for medical help early treatment and early vaccination people will have time to receive three doses of vaccine and immunoglobulin, which minimizes the likelihood of the disease, even when in contact with wild animals;
- rabies virus in humans is not transmitted by contact from a sick person to a healthy, although previously described cases of organ transplant from a person who has been infected with the rabies virus, and was still in the incubation period of the disease;
- rabies in children is the most common variant of the disease, which is not connected with professional activity - that children frequently come into contact with wild and domestic animals, but they are afraid to report the bite of fact.
Vaccination against rabies, launched in the incubation period, gives the body an opportunity to develop specific antibodies that prevent pathogens infiltrate the nerve trunks and nodes, and on them to reach the central nervous system, where the virus becomes a cause of encephalitis, leading to inevitable deathpatient.
It must be remembered that the length of the incubation period depends on the location of the bite, so distinguished:
- bites a dangerous localization - damage to the head and face, neck, fingers and hands;
- bites benign localization - damage to the rest of the surface of the human body.
probability of infection depends on the source of possible infection - often this virus affects warm-blooded predators.The reservoir of the rabies virus in nature are canine predators - foxes, wolves.When
bite pet vaccinated person can not be conducted if there is accurate information on its vaccination and the ability to monitor them.
As should be conducted rabies prophylaxis in people
Vaccination against rabies The person is not currently requires notorious forty shots in the stomach, which are so fond of scaring their children "very conscious" of the older generation.
Currently rabies prophylaxis in humans is treated with concentrated culture rabies vaccine (Coca), which is used for the vaccination of children and adults.
Compliance with recommendations to prevent the likelihood of rabies, but a high probability of infection (bite of a wild animal that has disappeared and can not be subjected to immediate laboratory tests) must be added the introduction of the finished homologous (human) rabies immunoglobulin.
And when the child requires vaccination and vaccination at an adult dose of the vaccine and the schedule and mode of its introduction remain unchanged.
According to existing legislation, vaccination against the diseases included in the national immunization plan, so when applying for emergency medical care after being bitten by a question - how much is vaccinated against rabies, patients in the public health institution should not worry.
Many people are interested in - how many shots do and what it depends on the number of injections.The answer to this question can be given only qualified physician rabiolog who examined the individual patient and the amount of damages assessed, their depth, location, found in an injured human contact circumstances knows epidemiological situation on rabies in the locality.
Rabies vaccine for humans, which is the nature of their activity is not connected with a permanent contact with potential virus carriers, requires consisting of 5 injections (daily bite-day 3-7-14-30) complete injection cycle, and atunfavorable epidemic situation and damage localization dangerous - and even up to 90 days of starting treatment.
In a favorable situation on rabies in the village, a small chance of infection (it is possible to monitor the unvaccinated pet or completely eliminated according to laboratory studies the probability of rabies in wild animals), vaccination may be limited to three injections - 0-3-7 days of treatment.
among certain categories of the population engaged in by the nature of the professional activities of contacts with potential carriers of the virus, carried out preventive vaccinations.
Vaccination against rabies
Despite the fact that the introduction of rabies vaccine in the body get alien antibodies, there are no absolute contraindications to the introduction of rabies vaccine - it is administered under the condition of constant medical supervision in a hospital, even for pregnant women and people suffering from allergies or cancer.
The most common side effects of specific rabies prophylaxis are cutaneous and systemic allergic reactions, for which elimination is prescribed antihistamines.