Tuberculosis - diverse manifestations by an infectious disease caused by a bacillus and mycobacteria, which affects the different tissues.
Pulmonary tuberculosis (consumption) - the most well-known disease.In lung tuberculosis bacillus form the primary focus;where the disease is spread to the lymph nodes (called the primary set).
Subsequently, the infection can get into the lymphatic system or the bloodstream and spread throughout the body, creating numerous tubercles in other tissues (miliary tuberculosis).Tubercles are tiny nodules of tissue, which gradually changed and come together, destroying the healthy tissue.
People most susceptible to this disease, it is all the age groups of both sexes.
Which organ or part of the body exposed to the most common: lung (most often), may spread to other tissues and organs.
symptoms and their manifestations
In the initial stages of the disease have no symptoms.Studies conducted with the help of X-rays and perform post mortem revealed that tuberculosis was s
If in the early stages the disease once manifested, its symptoms resemble flu or upper respiratory infection.In the future, you may experience more severe symptoms, including fever and intense sweating (especially at night), exhausted with loss of appetite and weight, malaise and fatigue.Appears heavy cough with thick sputum, which often contain blood, felt pain in the chest and there is difficulty in breathing and, in some cases the output of the red turbid urine.
people with symptoms of TB should begin treatment immediately.
treatment of disease
is carried out with the use of anti-TB drugs, and above all of ethambutol, rifampicin, isoniazid (INH) and streptomycin.A person must comply with bed rest until then, until the symptoms disappear, and drink plenty of fluids.It is recommended as far as possible to limit contact with other people, because now it is believed that the disease is transmitted from person to person.
believed that the infected person becomes infectious about two weeks after the start of drug treatment.It may be necessary to continue treatment for several months, with periodic checks to ensure that TB is passive.
Most people recover completely and definitively, but complications can still occur, and the disease can be fatal for those who have not received treatment.Precautionary measures include vaccination of children with BCG preparation and fluoroscopy performed with spruce identify carriers of the disease.
Causes and risk factors
cause of the disease is the bacillus mycobacterium tuderculosis.Infection, especially in developed countries, almost always occurs by inhalation of tiny floating in the air moisture droplets that contain the bacteria (anaerobic), from a person infected with the pulmonary form of the disease.
This organism can also get to the man by eating contaminated meat or milk, as some form of this disease can be a cow or bull.However, in developed countries bovine tuberculosis is strictly monitored and controlled, so the penetration of infection in this way is very rare.
other rare method of infection is a wound through which the tubercle bacillus has direct access from an infected person or animal.Tuberculosis can affect various organs or tissues and can lead to serious complications.One of the most serious complication is meningitis, which is most often affects children and the elderly.
other serious complications may be damage to the kidneys, abdomen, pericardium, inflammation of lymph nodes, bones and joints, as well as fallopian tubes.Most susceptible to danger those people who have weakened immune system because of other diseases, as well as affected by AIDS.
at risk and those who live in conditions of poverty and overcrowding, people suffering from diabetes mellitus, alcohol abuse, as well as those who are weak, small children and the elderly.
therefore should not be vigilant and treat the disease in time.
Treatment folk remedies
- 1 method.Plantain leaves;one tablespoon of crushed dried leaves pour a glass of water, placed in an enamel or porcelain ware, heated in a closed water bath for 15 minutes while stirring frequently, insist 45 minutes, squeeze, filter.
- Route;fourth piece of glass to four times daily, before meals.
- 2 method.The herb St. John's wort;two tablespoons dry grass pour two cups of boiling water, evaporated on a water bath to half, strain.
- Route;three - four spoons (canteens) three times a day, regardless of the meal.
- 3 method.The rhizomes Elecampane;one tablespoon of dried roots fill the cup of boiling water, boil for one minute, leave for half an hour.
- Route;in the form of heat tablespoon three times a day before meals.
Stay healthy, take care!