Accurate information about the methods of organization to help prevent the recurrence of kidney cancer, is absent.This sensible solution becomes quitting smoking and timely consultation with a doctor.
Symptoms of renal tumor formation
Often a kidney tumor in the early stages of its formation does not cause any symptoms and can be diagnosed by chance, in the implementation of the planned diagnostics, especially for people at risk.
By increasing tumor, it starts to press hard on the renal parenchyma and grow into nearby tissues, causing pain in his side, in the lower back and abdominal pain, feeling of heaviness in the listed areas.The presence of blood in urine.Sometimes a change in urine color can be seen even with the naked eye, but sometimes the symptoms can be detected only after laboratory tests.
This is important! In the later stages of the disease the tumor is clearly detectable through the front wall of the peritoneum.During germination of tumors and the presence of metastases outside the da
Often malignant nature of the tumor is accompanied by a paraneoplastic syndrome, manifested in 20% of cases.It can make itself felt, regardless of the stage of disease.The syndrome is loss of appetite, a general weakening of the body, sudden weight loss, severe sweating, increased or decreased blood pressure indicators.
According to laboratory tests diagnosed increase in erythrocyte sedimentation rate, decreased hemoglobin concentration, changes in liver function tests.All of this suggests a further violation of the liver.
organ study for setting
diagnosis is impossible to establish an accurate diagnosis of a malignant neoplasm only on urine and blood samples.If there is suspicion of renal cancer is implementing a set of methods of instrumental diagnostics that help visualize and obtain images of the subject body.
first step in becoming ultrasound diagnostics.In identifying tumors require CT or MRI.Sometimes, to increase the information content combined several studies.
order to assess the extensive damage and the establishment of metastases realized computed tomography of the abdominal cavity, as well as X-ray study of the thoracic organs. If there is pain in the bones or fractures, it is organized radionuclide bone scan.In renal cancer often form clots large size, the complexity of the operation increases due to the spread of the thrombus with metastases in the lower part of the vena cava.
methods provide treatment for the diagnosis of tumors
standard treatment is considered to be the removal of a tumor, which is carried out mostly by the complete removal of the kidney, which is called a nephrectomy.Radical nephrectomy involves removal of the body completely.As well as the removal of damaged tissue adjacent.
Partial nephrectomy or partial nephrectomy is to remove just the affected part of the body to save the maximum possible size of the running of the parenchyma.
Nephrectomy realized through the traditional incision or through several small incisions.Partial removal of the kidney in modern medicine is considered to be the preferred method of treating cancer with the possibility of its implementation, because it is maintained as much as possible the work of the affected kidney.Additional development of kidney failure increases the risk of cardiovascular complications and reduces the life of the patient as possible.
This is important! operation is often accompanied by ablation, chemotherapy, immunotherapy, is sometimes used embolization of vessels to block the blood flow to the tumor.Irradiation does not apply at all or is implemented as a technique for facilitating bone metastases.
rehabilitation after kidney removal
After completing the treatment of renal cancer need lifelong surveillance specialist.Clinical supervision is to periodically visit the doctor for routine inspection, in passing urine and blood tests, ultrasound and X-ray implementation of the survey.
periodic inspection Term appointed by the doctor depending on the characteristics of the disease.The higher the stage of cancer and aggressiveness of the tumor process, the more intensive monitoring need patient after surgery - increasing the number of planned and instrumental examinations. Due to the fact that the kidney is a paired organ, the more likely treatment outlook remains favorable.
Local recurrence after surgery involves removal with nephrectomy, if resection was performed earlier.Like this?Share with friends and acquaintances: