Perinatal malnutrition is a deficiency of the fetus or newborn weight in the first seven days of life.In this affects all organs and tissues of the child, especially the nervous system.
manifestations of malnutrition depends on the severity of deficiency and can be both minor and very serious, requiring emergency intervention of a doctor.
Why may perinatal malnutrition?
first stage, leading to the development of perinatal malnutrition is chronic hypoxia (lack of oxygen) mother and a violation of utero-placental blood flow.
Consequently deteriorating delivery to the fetus of nutrients affected tissues and organs, and primarily the nervous system baby.Among the factors that lead to intrauterine growth retardation, allocate internal and external.
main external factors -
- uneven supply of nutrients (usually insufficient),
- transferred woman during pregnancy infections and colds,
- poisoning of the mother's body of drugs or toxic substances (alcohol, drugs),
- low standards of living and hygiene.
internal causes are
- hormonal disorders (thyroid disease),
- violation of digestion and absorption of nutrients (hereditary enzyme deficiency),
- metabolism disorders (diabetes).
Do not forget that prenatal malnutrition can be a manifestation of some genetic diseases and congenital disorders.
How does illness
Depending on the severity of the body length and weight discrepancies are three degrees of perinatal malnutrition:
- light (10-20% deficit), in which the child's condition is satisfactory and no significant pathology,
- average(deficit of 20-30%), characterized by nervous irritability, reduced skin elasticity, microcirculation disturbance and the presence of subcutaneous fat in the face only,
- heavy (more than 30% of the deficit).In the third degree of perinatal malnutrition the child's condition serious, there is lethargy, lack of subcutaneous fat, muscle atrophy.
In determining the intrauterine development of the fetus malnutrition are divided into
- symmetrical (weight deficit and body length),
- asymmetric (uneven development of a child) and
When asymmetric wasting prognosis for the child worse, so women with this diagnosis more frequently admitted to hospital.
How to improve prenatal nutrition
the treatment of perinatal malnutrition using
- oxygen therapy to correct tissue hypoxia,
- intravenous transfusion of glucose and other nutrients,
- B vitamins and nootropic drugs to normalize the nervous system function,
- aktovegin forimprove placental blood flow.
To reduce the risk of intrauterine growth retardation all pregnant women need to
- at least half an hour a day for a walk in the fresh air,
- try to eat right and take multivitamin complexes,
- avoid contact with infections and
- monitor blood counts.
All this will give birth to a healthy and nutritious baby.