Arthritis of the knee joint, the treatment of which requires a fairly long period of time, refers to the articular pathologies frequently encountered.
reason for this becomes a huge amount of mechanical stress attributable to this articulation, and a variety of factors, the effects of which provokes inflammation in the joint cavity.
How is arthritis of the knee joint - variants of the disease
This defeat has three varieties:
- osteoarthritis of the knee - a disease characterized by a slow progression of the degenerative process, which gradually becomes thinner articular cartilage.
In most cases occur among the elderly;
- rheumatoid arthritis, which occurs in the form of inflammation of autoimmune origin destroying articular cartilage and synovium destruction.
arises this pathology in all age groups, characterized by the simultaneous defeat of both knee joints and development of deformation in the outcome of the disease;
- post-traumatic arthritis - develops after a knee injury and may occureven several years after exposure to a traumatic factor.
Symptoms of the disease in the case where the patient develops arthrosis of the knee joint arthritis, the inflammatory process is combined with the destruction of joint cartilage that appears dull pain and the occurrence of a crunch during the movements.
inflammatory process progresses slowly, but steadily, and regression of change is virtually impossible - for the treatment of cartilage becomes slowdown resolution.
In rheumatoid arthritis, there is pain in the joints, which usually appears on the background of pronounced signs of activation of autoimmune process.
development of the disease gradually or suddenly - patients have a feeling of stiffness of movement, and it may persist for a long time.
Land around the joints become swollen, making it difficult for the motion in the joint, and the pain becomes more intense in the morning after passive recreation and after a long walk.
pain may occur dependent on weather changes.With further development of the disease movement difficulty, develops lameness.
Principles of treatment
knee joint arthritis treatment should be carried out taking into account the etiology and mechanism of the disease.
methods that determine how to treat arthritis of the knee, depending on the degree of inflammatory activity and severity of the strain.
When the knee joint arthritis treatment is carried out taking into account the form of the disease.
example, in rheumatoid arthritis of the knee treatment comprises administering anti-inflammatory agents, immunomodulatory drugs, as well as surgical treatment and rehabilitation methods.
Basic principles of treatment - the complexity and individual approach based on the activity of the pathological process, its stages and the nature of the flow of defeats.
with osteoarthritis of the knee arthritis treatment is carried out with the use of anti-inflammatory drugs fast action that rapidly inhibit synovitis (inflammation in the joints), basic drugs, showing slow but prolonged therapeutic effect.
Arthritis of the knee treatment injections directly into the joint gives stable positive results.To improve the functioning of the joints used exercise therapy, massage and physiotherapy.
If you have arthritis of the knee medications basic treatment combined with the appointment of NSAIDs.With the ineffectiveness of this approach administered corticosteroids and immunosuppressants, such as azathioprine.
Arthritis of the knee ointment, which in its composition contains propolis or substance with warming effect, significantly reduces pain, so be sure to be included in a comprehensive treatment.
physical therapy for arthritis of the knee joint includes a passive-active movement by the patient with the elements of the activity.Such mechanotherapy combined with physiotherapy.Exercising with arthritis of the knee joint is used in the subacute or chronic stage of the disease.
presence of exudative inflammation in the joints, increased erythrocyte sedimentation rate, and low-grade fever is not an obstacle to its use, but in this case it is required a minimum dosage.
Do not forget diet food.Thus, a diet for arthritis of the knee joint is able to alleviate the disease.
beneficial effect on the joints is the consumption of fatty fish, nuts and vegetable oil, turmeric and ginger, foods with a high content of ascorbic acid.