glaucoma called chronic pathology of the eye, which is characterized by permanent or temporary processes to increase performance pressure inside the eye.Juvenile kind develops at a young age due to congenital inherited abnormalities in the structure of the iris and the cornea angle.Such defects are usually transmitted at the genetic level.
Signs and stages of development
Clinical manifestations of the disease are different.As a rule, the defeat of the pathology suffered by people under the age of 30 years, the extreme age of the disease - 35 years.In some patients, the changes generated iris of the patient begins to complain of the symptoms of the disease only after the age of 10 years.Juvenile glaucoma is progressing rather slowly, and the cornea does not change its size.
three types of juvenile glaucoma are classified in medicine:
- glaucoma, symptoms of which are similar to the symptoms of primary glaucoma in the elderly.
- with manifestations of congenital changes to the front of the eye.
- formed, myopic eye.
first type of juvenile glaucoma does not cause compaction of the cornea, sclera and the limbus.For this form of disease is characterized by several changes of the structure of the iris atrophy and basal portion of the iris.With regard to other manifestations, they are similar to the symptoms of glaucoma in the elderly, which is characterized by an increase in pressure inside the eye, changes in the optic nerve, visual field loss and deterioration of the visual organs.
Junior inherited dominant type, it affects mainly males.
second type of juvenile glaucoma is usually combined with progressive systemic nature of pathologies.The disease process can make itself felt in different times and is able to proceed in the likeness of dropsy eyes or without it.Identification of the species is difficult because of the wear of the main symptoms.
When the disease juvenile glaucoma increase in intraocular pressure occurs, usually in the evenings.
Conducting diagnostic pathology
Diagnosing glaucoma this species in the presence of congenital abnormalities is not difficult.To detect deleted forms of the disease is carried gonioskopicheskoe or topographical survey.The majority of patients with juvenile glaucoma in the depth of the anterior chamber angle remains of mesodermal embryonic tissue remain.
main condition for the preservation and restoration of sight is considered an early diagnosis of the disease, timely and properly organized medical therapy, and the patient's medical examination.
most effective method of diagnosis - a comprehensive survey using modern specialized diagnostics capabilities.
Treatment of juvenile glaucoma
Experts are of the opinion that the process of treatment of the disease should be started with the organization of antihypertensive drug therapy.In such a situation it is preferred prostoglandinovoy drug group.
In the event of a rapid progression of the disease process and the absence of the expected result of drug therapy should not delay surgical intervention.
For patients suffering from the disease, require individual conservative therapy with the slow development of the disease, and in the case of rapid development - required before surgery to prevent serious consequences of disease in the future.
Often patients assigned to receive mioticheskih medicines in the form of installations for two - four times per day.antiglaucomatous operation is carried out at a strong increase in intraocular pressure.