When our children grow up, it is very important to timely diagnose the health, including the health of the eye.In this article we will talk about eye diseases - amblyopia in children.
Amblyopia in Children - a functional and reversible decrease in vision.When such a loss of one eye hardly or poorly involved in the visual process.When this eye disease see different images, different image quality and the brain simply is not able to combine them into one.Amblyopia
eye characterized in that when there are changes in the brain, namely in the area of the visual cortex.The changes are due to the distorted visual information, which comes from the eyes.Ultimately, improvement and development of neurons that are responsible for vision, slows down, so even with the elimination of all causes of the disease, it remains low.
Types and forms
disease Depending on the level of incidence of children with amblyopia are the following types of it:
- low degree (visual acuity 0.8-0.4);
- moderate (visual acuity 0,3-0,2);
- high (visual acuity 0.1-0.05);
- very high (visual acuity of 0.04 or less).
On the mechanism of the origin there refractive amblyopia and strabismic.Refraction occurs as a rule, due to delays in the appointment or non-permanent wearing of contact lenses, glasses with refractive error, which create neotchёtlivye image in the fundus.Strabismic begins due to the violation of binocular vision.This is mainly found in strabismus, iewhen the complicity of one eye in the visual process is much reduced.
should be noted that congenital cataract or cataract may form the basis for the occurrence of amblyopia of obscure origin, which is difficult treatable.To eliminate it is necessary to timely operative intervention (eg, corneal transplant or removal of congenital cataract).Also for children is one-sided and two-sided form.
Causes of illness
Causes of amblyopia is very diverse.It often occurs in diseases such as the astigmatism, farsightedness, cataracts, eye and corneal opacity.However, the most common is a squint.It is worth noting that this disease may be due, as well as the cause of strabismus.This occurs when one eye has very low vision (below 0.4-0.3) at which the image fusion impossible.
Amblyopia in children or may occur in adults, if their relatives suffer from strabismus, as well as people who have never had any vision problems.As with any breach in the body, it is important to detect amblyopia as early as possible, because with the disease gets worse over time."Launched" amblyopia can lead to full braking visual function in amblyopic eyes.
important to note that this disease can not be identified individually and the disease will not work by itself.Therefore it is recommended to pass diagnostic testing at least once a year.
treatment of amblyopia in adults and children
For effective results, a lot depends on patience and a clear implementation of all recommendations of the doctor - ophthalmologist.After a thorough examination of the patient to develop an individual method of treatment.amblyopia treatment interacts with the treatment of the disease that is the cause of its occurrence.The main thing - the constant wearing of contact lenses or glasses.
also the main method is - occlusion, ie,the exclusion of a healthy eye of the visual process, through the use of special plastic okklyudorov, which are attached to the eyeglass lens.In the complex treatment of amblyopia include various kinds of stimulation (photo-stimulation, light, contrast, and frequency, etc..), As well as the different therapeutic techniques (vacuum massage, glasses, tumblers, infrared laser and ultrasound therapy, magnitooerapiya).