Bronchitis is called diffuse inflammatory disease of the bronchial tubes, which affects the mucous membrane or completely the entire thickness of their walls.
inflammation of the bronchi may occur as an independent, stand-alone disease process, or as a complication that develops against the backdrop of the previously transferred infections and chronic diseases.
if damaged mucosal epithelium breaks down the natural production of secretions, the motor activity of the cilia and, accordingly, the process of purification.Experts identify the different forms of the disease, depending on the etiology, pathogenesis and treatment techniques.
The causes of this disease
reasons for which developing bronchitis, there are many, but only some of them are recognized by all international medical organizations:
- heredity.Thus, the disease may result from lack of a body of alpha-1-anntitripsina;
- poor environmental conditions, such as the saturation of the atmosphere with dust and various harmful gases.
Secondary causes include passive smoking, poor living conditions, alcoholism and others. As a rule, the disease develops very rapidly when the bronchial mucosa permanently damaged some particles that are in the air.
Another reason that may contribute to disease - an unfavorable climate for the human body - constant humidity, frequent weather changes, mists.
When the bronchial mucosa permanently damaged, such damage are the kind of catalyst for the constant increase in the production of phlegm.Subsequently, in humans there is a need constantly to cough in order to remove mucus from the airways.
specialists have proved that smoking - one of the first reasons that contribute to the emergence of the disease.So, according to statistics, in smokers protracted form of the disease occurs in 3-4 times more often than those who do not smoke.
However inflicts less damage lungs and work in hazardous work - chemical and wool, as well as baking plants is also very often suffer from bronchitis.
disease Bacterial bronchitis is rare, because the bacteria can not gain a firm foothold in the mucous membrane of the body.
Therefore, while eliminating mucosal lesions usually disappear and bacterial infection.This type of bronchitis usually appears as a complication of viral infections.
Viral bronchitis is a result of trapped in the body of infection.During respiration, nasal cavity of the virus enters the bronchus and fixed there, and then begins to multiply within mucosal cells and damage it.It is typical for children, adults, this form is rare.
bronchitis Chlamydia also a characteristic of the child's body.Usually the disease begins gradually, and passes with adequate treatment for only a couple of weeks.
mycoplasma bronchitis differs from the above-mentioned forms of the disease only cause.
diagnosis of different forms of the disease
Experts identify a huge number of types and forms of bronchitis, depending on the etiology and pathogenesis of the disease, as well as the inflammatory process localization.
For example, depending on the location of the inflammatory process is isolated tracheal bronchitis, bronchiolitis and bronchitis, mainly affecting small and medium-sized bronchi.
Tracheal bronchitis - inflammation that occurs in the trachea, bronchi and bronchioles.This type of disease is characterized by the rapid proliferation of the mucous membrane of.
In most cases, with proper treatment, the disease disappears completely within a couple of weeks, without causing appreciable harm.
diagnosis sided bronchitis means the inflammation developed in both lobes of the lungs.As a rule, this kind of diagnosed acute course of the disease and is not dangerous for humans with timely and adequate treatment.
Diffuse bronchitis is typical for a chronic course of the disease, in which the pathology captures most of the light.This form of the disease can be as one - and two-way, often in conjunction with its experts diagnosed tracheitis.
destructive, characterized by impaired bronchial walls structure.In fact, only a specialist after a full examination of the patient, as well as performing various diagnostic procedures that can accurately determine the exact form of the disease and prescribe appropriate treatment.
Therefore, when a characteristic of the disease symptoms, should immediately seek medical attention.
Like any other disease, bronchitis, if left untreated, can cause more serious complications.Thus, among the consequences can distinguish pneumonia, inflammation of the lungs, pathological changes in the tissues of the respiratory system and other organs.