Asthma in Greek means "heavy breathing", "choking", according to statistics it affects an average of 10% of the world population.Causes of the disease can be both external factors and internal.
susceptible to the disease with the same probability, both men and women.But by age differences are observed in the statistics, where a greater percentage applies to the children's age (up to 10 years - about 36% are diagnosed with bronchial).
noted that the first attacks of the disease manifest themselves in the first year of life.The classification of types of asthma:
- cardiac asthma;
- asthma cough;
- asthma physical effort.
Aspirin - type of asthma called by ordinary aspirin.In this case, aspirin is a drug banned for use, like most groups of drugs NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs).Provoking factor aspirin asthma is also a food color yellow - an ingredient part of the shell of the tablets and pills.This form of asthma is most often seen in c
Allergic asthma - one of the most common types of asthma mediated by immunological mechanisms.Almost every person has something to allergies, allergic mechanism has a prevalence of 80% of cases of childhood asthma and more than 45% of cases in adults.
Inhalation patient specific substances called allergens (pollen, dust mites, molds, dyes, varnishes), exacerbate symptoms.
Almost every second with asthmatic allergic form feels worse after physical exertion in cold air, cigarette smoke, dust or odors from the technical.To facilitate the clinical allergic asthma is most important - detection of allergens and pathogens, should learn how to prevent further aggravation of symptoms.
Asthma nervosa - the form of asthma caused by stress, prolonged psychological strain or single, but heavy psycho-emotional shock.Intensity in this group of patients the symptoms of the disease is particularly blurred.
Typically, the above three types of asthma often occur in combination with the signs of infectious dependent asthma.Also isolated as a special type - asthma physical effort.
These asthmatics inadequate physical activity can cause a sharp choking after 3-10 minutes to complete the exercise.The attacks are relatively weak, the duration from 5-10 minutes to an hour.
Atopic - it's asthma, the causes of which - around us allergens from animals and plants, as well as chemicals.For example, it is wool, animal dander, feather birds, house dust mites, dry fish food and other.Asthmatic attacks are usually more frequent and aggravated with the beginning of spring.
This kind of disease is already apparent in early childhood.It promotes also transferred allergic rhinitis, dermatitis.Symptoms of attack: itchy nose and throat, frequent sneezing, discomfort in the neck, chin, between the shoulder blades, dry cough turns into typical asthma.
prevention of asthma - a goal of preventing recurrent symptoms of suffocation in conjunction with the prescribed treatment, chosen physician-pulmonologist: inhalation, depending on the severity of the disease.Use therapeutic breathing exercises, chest massage, psychotherapy.For asthmatic excellent preventive tool is therapeutic physical training.Reliable treatment with climate change, it is best to warm and dry air.
Asthma heart - attack of breathlessness with feelings of suffocation due to a stagnation of blood in the vessels of the lungs as a result there are difficulties in its outflow of the left ventricle of the heart.In the diagnosis of the disease cardiac asthma - causes lie in the left ventricular contraction at various heart ailments, combined with high blood pressure.
The emergence of this type of asthma is caused by a sharp increase in blood flow volume and mass of circulating blood, the horizontal position of the patient in connection with what frequent attacks at night.
Nervous - form of the disease, the causes of which are associated with the nervous system.Just a sharp narrowing of the bronchi caused by spasms of smooth muscles of the bronchial tree, due to swelling of the mucous membrane and its hypersecretion - sputum.
Asthma cough - bronchial flowing to the manifestation of a single symptom as a dry cough, which occurs most often at night.This type often observed mainly in children and adolescents.It is necessary to distinguish with eosinophilic bronchitis, in which cough and sputum eosinophilia.
recommendations in allergic asthma
To save asthmatics quiet life from attacks, recommendations should be observed that, first of all, aimed at combating the type of allergic asthma:
- in a period of rapid flowering, spring, betterstay home if possible;
- desirable to close the window;
- not use evaporative cooler, better air conditioner with a clean filter;
- pack pillows, mattresses and spring bed net in hypoallergenic covers with zippers, invisible to the eye in order to avoid ticks;
- wash once a week bed linen at high temperatures;
- possible, try to get rid of the wall hangings and various bags: heavy curtains, upholstered furniture, stuffed toys.
At home, remove the asthma attack is possible by using multiple inhalers and exercises, and the most effective way - is seeking professional medical help.
Only the timely treatment can stop the development of asthma status, triggered by an allergen, an overdose of vasodilators, violation of the treating physician, attached infections of various origins.
Typically, an infectious-dependent bronchial asthma more likely to suffer adult.Her main reason - a genetic predisposition, which is a positive answer to the question many patients, "whether the disease is transmitted by inheritance?" Disease begins with acute infections, or if acute chronic asthma.
Unlike the kind of allergic asthma, asthma attacks has been slower, but much longer in duration.I must say that people with allergic heredity with poor nutrition and living in unhygienic conditions, are most prone to develop asthma.