inflammation of the veins in the legs is a common pathology, especially for females, with a much higher number of predisposing factors, ranging from pregnancy and ending anomalies in the venous system and the structure of individual differences.
This looks inflamed veins in the legs manifests itself in the form of a stretched varicose knots, with a dense texture.Also, their development is accompanied by a blunt pulling pain, which did not subside, and at night, and are amplified by mechanical damage or touch the damaged area.The most frequently varicose veins observed in the vessels superficial venous network, which is a hallmark of the disease.
Feature superficial venous network
superficial venous network is connected to many deep through a small-diameter veins.Through their normal blood flowing inside, ie, on surface vessels leaves only a small amount of it.If in a deep vessel system has an obstacle, the blood rushes against the natural direction of the current, causing the preconditions for t
As a result, the superficial veins extend from a lot of blood, because they do not have the same functionality as deep.At the same time they do not "help" the muscles working, respectively, the theory of "peripheral heart muscle."
This means that the muscles of the lower leg and thigh while reducing the hemodynamics can speed through the veins, and therefore faster to carry blood flow.Because inflammation of the veins violates the outflow of blood from the two vascular systems - venous and arterial (arteries are squeezed due to venous congestion).
inflammatory disease of the lower extremities
all diseases of veins, characterized by an inflammatory etiology are divided into two types.It phlebitis and thrombophlebitis.Their differences consist in the fact of thrombosis, because in a typical phlebitis does not occur the activation of blood coagulation system.
However, it is observed only rarely, but because phlebitis and thrombophlebitis simply pass each other all the time, as there is the presence of venous congestion.That is what causes the typical problems with the veins on the legs, which appear varicose veins.
treatment of inflammatory diseases in the legs
Any inflammation of the veins in the legs, which is difficult to carry out the treatment at home, suggests the presence of two factors.It is an infection and thrombus located in the lumen of the vein.This means that not only impaired blood flow, but also damaged vascular wall.
Because if inflamed Vienna on foot - treatment should include the elimination of these factors, that is, include the use of antibiotics against infections, as well as anticoagulants for the prevention of thrombosis.The integrated product combining these two effects is not yet developed, forcing the use of two tools.
As a first suitable ointment with antibiotics, such as erythromycin.Also, appropriate antibiotics and capsules that will allow to achieve a systemic effect.
Anticoagulants are also accepted locally and systemically.Locally, you can apply the cream from veins in the legs, for example, "Lioton" or a cheaper counterpart - heparin ointment.As used anticoagulant system subcutaneous heparin, warfarin.
With the ineffectiveness of conservative pharmacological treatment should be carried out surgical treatment.Its necessity due to the high risk of getting a blood clot in the pulmonary artery.Tearing himself away from the clamping leg in the vein of the lower limbs, it is sent to the lungs, getting an opportunity to thrombose vessel and lead to violations of system functions.