allergic reaction in the human body can develop from scratch, even in the absence of the influence of food, medicines, pollen, dust, and other irritants.This happens due to disruption of immunity or hemorrhagic disorders on the level.Blood cells that are responsible for producing antibodies to infectious agents, at some point, take some substances as enemies, and there is response to the typical signs.Likewise, it is developing and allergic stomatitis.
man may half of his life quietly eat honey, use of penicillin for treatment, drink a decoction of chamomile, etc.But there comes a moment.When one of the usual components turns into a strong allergen that can provoke strong reactions of hypersensitivity, anaphylactic shock and even death.
Currently, about a third of the world's population is prone to such manifestations of allergies and about 20% of cases it develops an allergic disease, that is, suffering mouth. This allergy can be a probable cause sores in humans.
Causes of pathological process and
the development of allergies
most common causes that contribute to stomatitis allergic, can be classified into two groups:
- Contact - here are those substances and objects that are directly in contact with the mucosa and skin, causing superficial irritationin the oral cavity.
- substances penetrate into the body - medicines, foods, mold, pollen and dust.
The contact group includes prosthetic stomatitis, which causes constant contact with the denture material.If the poor quality of the material and is not hypoallergenic, the risk of disease is increased by several times.In addition, the prosthesis may accumulate pathogens decomposition products which are injured mucosa and encourage the proliferation of pathogens.
Provoke contact stomatitis can and medication.Typically, such agents are used to treat the teeth and gums and using drugs that required to keep the mouth until dissolved.
The second group of substances that cause an allergic disease, is characterized by the reaction to the penetration of the human body.Such damage is manifested rash on the skin, on the mucous membrane, itching and burning, swelling tongue.To provoke a negative reaction may antibiotics potent antihistamine medications, and even medications.
Atypical reaction to any substance may start under the influence of various factors - is the environment, menstruation in females, etc.Predict the development of the disease is impossible.
Clinical signs of an allergic reaction
Symptoms of allergic stomatitis are varied and correspond to the shape of the lesion.
Catarrhal stomatitis occurs is simple and is characterized by:
- Burning and itching of the mucous.
- difficulties during the meal.
- taste disturbances.
- dry mouth.
erosive and ulcerative stomatitis is characterized by the formation of painful blisters on the mucous surface, which soon burst and formed erosive areas.Injuries thus may bleed, and when joining secondary infection appears:
- rise in temperature.
- Increasing the size of the regional lymph nodes.
- Swelling of soft tissues.
- Pronounced pain when swallowing and at rest.
necrotizing ulcerative stomatitis occurs very hard and is a consequence of poor reactivity of the immune system.At the same time develops the following symptoms:
- general weakening of the body.
- lack of appetite.
As for local signs of damage, it is - an unpleasant smell from the mouth, pain, and increased salivation.
Stomatitis with an allergic reaction to medication is characterized by the following symptoms:
- unexpected progression of the pathology.
- Pain in the joints.
- formation on the mucosal surfaces of the oral cavity, the eye, the bubbles on the skin.
- The pronounced pain-affected surfaces.
Indications for treatment and the correct conduct
Healing process in the development of allergic stomatitis is coping with the causes that triggered the deviation from the norm.The main principle of treatment - is to eliminate all contact with the allergen.It is also required to comply with the assigned diet doctor, stop taking the drug, stop wearing dentures, change rinse or toothpaste, and so on. D.
Treatment of allergic stomatitis medicines usually involves administering antihistamines, vitaminsbelonging to Groups B and C, folic acid and vitamin PP.At the same time it should be carried out by special treatment of oral antiseptics, analgesics, enzymes, healing drugs and corticosteroid agents.By healing drugs include sea buckthorn oil, Kamistad gel, etc.
Patients with allergic stomatitis arising as a complication after dental treatment, subsequently require professional advice therapist and dentist, orthodontist, orthopedist, the implementation of the replacement of crowns or fillings and other materials and fixtures in the oral cavity.
Preventive actions and projections of disease
Modern diagnosis stomatitis helps to stop the pathology still at the early stages of its progression.term treatment usually catarrhal and catarrhal and ulcerative form is not more than two weeks.When complications may need a long treatment of the disease.
measures prevention of allergic stomatitis require the organization of quality oral care, timely treatment of teeth and gum diseases.Also, regular visits to the dentist is required to remove tartar, correction and replacement prostheses.An important role in the prevention plays an individual approach to each patient and used in dentistry only hypoallergenic materials.