Glossitis in pregnancy : causes, symptoms and treatment

Glossitis is an inflammation of the tissues in the language, which can be superficial or deep into the mucosa.Most often glossitis accompanies any pathology, but may develop independently.If this condition develops independently - it is the primary form, and if as a symptom or complication of other pathology - a secondary form.

Glossitis occurs during pregnancy due to hormonal changes that occur in the female body.

pregnancy - a condition where the woman's body needs a lot of vitamins and minerals, and insufficient intake of these substances have a negative impact on health and can trigger the development of various pathologies, including glossitis.

most frequent type glossitis affecting pregnant women - is:

  1. desquamative form - the formation of a "geographic tongue" with the presence of areas of horny epithelial white layer.
  2. Gunterovskaya form - is related to inadequate intake of vitamin B 9 and B 12. In this case, the language takes a bright crimson hue.

Causes of pathology

In the process of carrying a child a physiological decrease in the activity of immunity work in order to prevent damage to the fetus antibodies.At the same time a woman becomes more susceptible to dangerous infections - viruses, bacteria or fungi.

High demand the body of a pregnant woman in vitamins in the absence of a balanced diet can trigger the development of beriberi, a lack of vitamin B 12 and comorbidity - glossitis.

also to the development of glossitis cause exacerbation of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, damage to the mucous membranes of language due to frequent vomiting during pregnancy.


Symptoms The main symptoms of glossitis in pregnant women include:

Profuse salivation - this feature may indicate the occurrence of glossitis, but may be an independent manifestation of pregnancy.

Pain, burning tongue, the strength of which depends on the depth of the damage.

Change color language - desquamative form in pregnant women is manifested by alternating pale and bright red spots on the tongue surface.With a lack of vitamin B 12 is shown forming glossitis "lacquered language".Infectious glossit provokes a uniform redness of individual zones or all of the language and its swelling.

process of treating disease

Treatment of this disease in pregnant women is based on the classic medicine, that is the basic principle of treatment is the lack of harm to the body.Therefore, efficient selection is required, while the maximum safe drugs.

Generally used topical medications - pastilles and lozenges, as well as solutions for rinsing the mouth.

When the cause of the inflammation process becomes a lack of vitamins, it is required to carry out correction of the diet of a pregnant woman.In addition, the doctor recommends an additional intake of vitamin preparations appropriate.

If you have symptoms of allergic glossitis necessary both to eliminate the allergen as soon as possible.If the allergen is one of the food, it is important to completely eliminate it from your diet.With the development of allergies to wool from the animals should limit contact with them.

In the event of an acute form of glossitis, which is characterized by severe pain, it is important to comply with a special meal, intended to limit the consumption of spicy and other irritating the mucous membrane of the surface of food language.

In any case, treatment is required to coordinate with the doctor who is monitoring pregnant.At the time organized diagnosis and quality treatment of glossitis in women who bears a child, makes it possible to prevent complications and maintain the normal flow of the process of pregnancy.

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