lesions of the mucous membranes tongue (glossitis) is a common form of oral diseases in children.Glossitis may be due to trauma, feedback pathogens other disease symptom.
The disease can be acute and chronic, marking the alternating processes of exacerbation and remission.Glossitis in children can often occur quietly, without complaint from the child.In this case the disease is detected by chance, during the inspection of the oral cavity.Therefore, parents are very important to regularly inspect the mouth of the child, as glossitis is a concomitant symptom of any disease that may take place secretly, without the bright symptomatic picture.
The causes and forms of glossitis in children
traumatic factor in the emergence of glossitis in children:
- Mechanical trauma in which the mucous Language damaged by sharp-edged teeth, seals, special plates and braces, which are used for bite correction.Bad habits (to chew pencils, pens, bite tongue) can also cause mechanical damage to the mucous membranes of language.
- burns of the mouth as a result of drinking too hot drinks, food.
If desquamative glossitis marked complaints of parents to detect in children of various obscure spots which change their shape and position of the place.These spots can disappear on their own and appear again.The language of the child in this case resembles a map, hence the name - "geographic tongue", "migratory" glossitis.If desquamative glossitis such zones are replaced by desquamation of the epithelium keratinized areas, so the picture of the disease can vary every day.
Usually, the parents are usually worried in this case, a strange kind of language, only occasionally observed complaints from the child a feeling of tingling, burning sensation.Desquamative glossitis can cause diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, anemia, infectious diseases, endocrine disorders, allergies.Worm infestation can also cause this form of glossitis in children.
glossit disease can occur long enough, without causing it any discomfort.The disease can go on indefinitely, then suddenly reappear.
Diamond glossitis, mucosal inflammation as a manifestation of language.
happens that when viewed from the mouth of the child, there is the presence of diamond-shaped area located at the back of the tongue, in the posterior part.
area is characterized by the absence of threadlike taste buds and bright pink color.There have been complaints about the roughness of the dorsum of the tongue, burning sensation, pain in the development of the inflammatory process.
The cause of rhomboid glossitis have not yet been identified, it is believed that this disease is congenital.
The children also found acute catarrhal glossitis, in which inflammation of the mucous membrane caused by the penetration of bacterial infection.In this inflammatory process is usually localized on the back and side surfaces of the tongue.It is characterized by the appearance of pain disease that are observed during meals, during a conversation.
Language becomes red, swollen, marked teeth imprints on the sides.
2-3 days Language diseases covered by plaque, increasing in size.It also noted increased salivation, increased papillae, which are clearly visible in the background plaque covering the language.
glossalgia, as a manifestation of glossitis
Frequent was the appearance in children and adolescents glossalgia.This condition is characterized by pain in the language on the background of the absence of any changes.Children complain of tingling, burning sensation.This discomfort can be permanent or appear periodically.It appears fatigue during a call.
also present a complaint to the feeling of dryness in the mouth.Condition may be caused by excitement and manifest temporarily.Drunk glass of water usually helps to cope with this problem.
glossalgia may be a manifestation of various diseases: gastrointestinal system, central nervous system, diabetes, diseases of the blood-forming organs.Pain can be accompanied by an allergy to filling, orthodontic materials.Glossitis, accompanied by pain, burning, are often the initial signs of iron deficiency anemia and vitamin B12 deficiency.
Principles of treatment of glossitis glossitis
treatment in children have to be integrated, on doctor's orders.If there is no pain and complaints, the special treatment is not carried out.
If there are specific complaints, it applies:
- Remediation of the oral cavity.Used decoctions of medicinal herbs, antiseptic solutions, special elixirs and rinse (decoctions of chamomile, sage, oak bark, the elixir of "Victoria").
- 1% citral solution.
- Applications anestezina in oil solution of vitamin E.
- rosehip oil, sea buckthorn oil solution of vitamin A and other keratoplasty.
- Solkoseril-dental paste.
- analgesics and stimulants epithelialization (dalargin).
- Anti nesteroidy (Tantum Verde).
- drugs, strengthens blood vessels (Courant trental).
- Antihistamines and allergy medications (tavegil, suprastin).
- Physiotherapeutic procedures with analgesics (phonophoresis).
- Vitamin therapy.