ultrasound of the kidneys - a modern efficient way of inspection, which reveals many renal lesions.
Ultrasonography - a reliable way to detect cysts, stones, tumors and other organ abnormalities location.
Survey This diagnostic method can be implemented in the form of ultrasound Doppler ultrasound and urography.
ultrasonography method is used to diagnose pathological changes in renal parenchyma, topography violations, presence of stones and other zlokachestvennyz or benign tumors.The survey takes as its basis the possibility of ultrasonic waves reflected from the tissue bodies that have different densities, as well as freely penetrate through the liquid medium.
Status blood vessels in the kidney helps to evaluate Doppler ultrasound or ultrasound examination of renal vessels.Carrying out based on the Doppler effect, which consists in the fact that the frequency of the ultrasonic waves that are reflected from the blood corpuscles, is different from the frequency of the ultrasonic waves emitt
visual analysis of the resulting image makes it possible to evaluate the direction of circulation.The presence of changes in the bloodstream in the form of turbulence or laminar blood flow tells a special audio signal are recorded simultaneously with the pictures.
Before starting preparations for the diagnosis is necessary to establish that the investigation is required as a result of manifestation of symptoms relevant to complement a variety of renal pathology.Ultrasound examination is required in the following cases:
- frequent headaches, accompanied by high blood pressure;
- formation of peripheral edema, puffy face, pastosity eyelids, swelling of feet;
- presence of pain in the lumbar region and urination disorders.
All of these symptoms occur when kidney disease, identify which allows ultrasound.In addition to this survey may need to conduct some laboratory tests of urine and blood, such as:
- common blood tests;
- biochemical blood tests to determine the concentration of protein in it, the urea concentration, fibrin, creatinine and other substances;
- common urine;
- urine on Zimnitsky and urine by Nechiporenko.
Ultrasound examination is completely painless and its length takes no more than half an hour, can be implemented in a sitting position, lie in the position or standing.Special preparations for diagnosis is not required, since the kidneys are well visualized.
kidneys examined particular abdominal ultrasound probe in longitudinal, parallel, transverse and oblique sections of the front side of the abdomen or from the back, and the patient lying on her side, that is, in the frontal plane.
believed that ultrasound examination of the kidneys has no contraindications, but it is not so.Minimum contraindications occur, but rarely.The main contraindication implementation renal ultrasound - is the presence of open wounds, carried out X-ray examination with barium is less than one day before the ultrasound.
only highly qualified specialists in the treatment of urological pathologies may conduct ultrasound diagnosis of kidneys and not cause harm to the patient.The doctor will be able to correctly decode the received images after the test, and then offer the patient an appropriate treatment strategy of implementation.