Trigeminal neuralgia or trigeminal neuralgia - a disease which is described as one of the kinds of excruciating pain known to humanity.
Most often the pain binds the jaw and the lower part of his face, though, and is able to cover the area of the eyes and nose.The pain associated with this disease in one half of the face, very strong, like a flash of pointed discharge electric current.And the reason is unbearable torment - irritation of the nerve has three branches in the area of the lower jaw, cheeks and forehead.
function of cranial nerve is to provide a person of sensitivity, and each branch has its own nerve duty:
- upper branch gives the sensitivity of the eyelids, eyes and forehead;
- average branch provides sensitive nostrils, cheeks, upper lip and the gums;
- And finally, thanks to the third branch, the sensitivity of a lower jaw, lips, gums and chewing muscles.
People suffering from this disease, suffer from regular and severe headaches that disrupt the normal flow of life, deprived of s
Often, trigeminal neuralgia or Fothergill disease manifests itself painful spasms of facial muscles.
Severe pain when the disease is caused by irritation of the trigeminal nerve.The entire reason for this is that in the skull base, nerve root, in connection with some modifications of the circulatory system of the brain starts to come into contact with the blood vessels.
Constant contact nerve root and blood vessels, leading to the fact that with each beat of the heart, the myelin, or insulating sheath of the trigeminal nerve becomes thinner.As a result, it compressed nerve itself, and that it gives rise to irritation and hence pain.Other causes of the disease can be compression of the nerve developing a tumor or multiple sclerosis, which also violates the myelin sheath.
judges that the disease most often affects older people, due to the ongoing changes of cerebral vessels.This is not so.
Unfortunately for this disease there is no age limit, as it may occur on the back of strong fatigue, cold or stress that occur in the lives of young people.The impetus for the disease, which is almost always sudden, can serve as a crash, blows in the face and dental treatment.
Very often, people go to the dentist, not realizing that the pain in the upper or lower jaw is not related to the teeth.The pain of neuralgia may be typical or atypical for.In the first case, in a typical character disease remission pain occurs periodically.The pain is the same, which is usually caused by contact with some parts of the face, similar to electric shocks running through and shoot.
Some suffer from pain attack a couple of times a day, while others are forced to endure it every hour.In the second case, with atypical neuralgia, pain encompasses a large portion of the face and is constant, and the moments of remission may be absent altogether.This is the disease most difficult treatable.
There are several factors that can trigger a painful attack:
- brushing your teeth;
- applying makeup;
- conversation and a smile;
- blow to the nose.
To diagnose this disease, is sufficient physical examination and description of the pain by the patient.To determine the causes of the disease, often resort to the procedure of magnetic resonance imaging, which allows you to identify the signs of multiple sclerosis or a tumor.