Brain Edema - organic brain damage, informal and popular popularly known as hydrocephalus.The essence of the disease - in violation of the balance of the cerebrospinal fluid, which is a kind of "shock absorber" and protector of the brain and spinal cord.
In a healthy human cerebrospinal fluid, also known as the liquor is constantly circulated, not accumulate in excess, however, this balance is disturbed hydrocephalus.
hydrocephalus in adults and children accompanied by an excessive accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid in the ventricles of the brain, which leads to increased intracranial pressure, constant headaches and other unpleasant symptoms.
If you do not perform surgical treatment of hydrocephalus, it can lead to irreversible brain damage.
main causes of disease
Modern doctors distinguish two types of hydrocephalus: closed and open.The reasons lie in the closed hydrocephalus some mechanical obstacle that prevents the cerebrospinal fluid to circulate freely in the brain.
reason for this condition could be transferred before the infection, congenital malformation, tumor, meningitis.In addition, closed hydrocephalus can be a consequence of a stroke when a blood clot creates a physical barrier to the outflow of fluid.
open hydrocephalus - a malabsorption of CSF.The reason may also be a cerebral hemorrhage, trauma, congenital.
And he and the other type of hydrocephalus is most common in newborns.
In most cases, the disease is a consequence of serious infectious diseases carried over the mother during pregnancy, during the formation of the central nervous system of the fetus.
As mentioned above, water on the brain in newborns - a very common congenital disease to be treated surgically at an early age.
bones of the skull in newborns are mobile, unlike adult human skull, so the main signs of hydrocephalus in children - it is a disproportionate head size.
child's head becomes too large in relation to the body, the skin appears a characteristic vascular pattern due to increased intracranial pressure.A child can not keep the neck and starts to lag behind in development, not eating, irritable.There is also a muscle atony.
for diagnostic use different techniques: magnetic resonance imaging, the EEG, X-ray, measurement of intracranial pressure.
Brain Edema in adults manifests itself differently: head size does not change, but there are significant delays in intellectual development.
Musculoskeletal such patients is weak, coordination impaired, there are disorders of the autonomic nervous activity.Almost all adults with hydrocephalus have varying degrees of mental retardation.
In the morning, an adult person with dropsy, worse headaches.There is a frequent nausea, heaviness in the head, is characterized by morning vomiting.The disease is often accompanied by edema of vascular dystonia, nervousness, meteosensitivity.
Because of increased intracranial pressure, patients respond to a severe headache to the slightest changes in the weather and atmospheric pressure.Frequent heart disorders: tachycardia, increased heart rate, chest pain.
To date, the only possible treatment for this disease is surgery.Conservative treatment does not reduce the amount of fluid in the ventricles of the brain, so that all children with hydrocephalus prescribe surgery.
essence operation hydrocephalus treatment is to create an artificial cerebrospinal fluid outflow.Neurosurgeons create a new channel through which fluid from the ventricles of the brain will depart to other organs.
Typically, the drainage system out its channels into the abdominal cavity or into the right atrium.Cerebrospinal fluid is removed from the brain and is absorbed into the bloodstream.Thereby stabilizing liquor balance.