Myopia - is perhaps the most frequently occurring eye disease among contemporary adults and children.
essence of myopia - that the patient is deteriorating ability to distinguish objects located far away from him.
If a person has good vision, he sees things clearly in the far distance, as the image is projected onto the desired area of the retina.
When myopia lens is deformed, changing the optical length of the eye, resulting in an image is projected onto the plane in front of the retina, which leads to its vagueness.
Causes of myopia may be different.Sometimes there is axial myopia, when increasing the size of the lens, but also meets and refractive myopia, when the cause of poor vision becomes excessive refraction of light reaching the organ of sight.
Excessive force refracting apparatus often becomes a source of myopia.Current hardware myopia treatment can remove virtually all types of the disease, even if it progresses.
Myopia varies in severity.Among ophthalmologists decided to allocate
- Mild myopia - vision impairment to -3 diopters
- average - up to -3.25 diopters to 6
- high - from 6 to 20-30 diopters.The upper limit when it comes to severe myopia, do not point.Sometimes its indicators reach -35 diopters, which is practically equivalent to blindness.
Effective treatment of myopia
most popular method of correcting myopia - is eyeglasses and contact lenses.Points are selected so as to reduce the effect of refraction and redirect the image to the desired area of the retina, so that it became clear.
However, sometimes in the case of severe myopia is not particularly help to correct vision goggles to a maximum level.In this case, surgery can cure myopia eye is much more efficient, and although there is no treatment of myopia surgery.
causes of illness
In rare cases, myopia is congenital.Much more often it develops throughout life.Nearsightedness usually develops in children during their school years, when the voltage on the visual apparatus of studies, books and computers is particularly high.
According to statistics, more than half of students in senior classes acquire a mild degree of myopia and wear glasses.If
myopia with every year increases, it is called progressive.myopia laser treatment here may be the only practical solution to the problem.
Today all doctors agree that one of the key risk factors that significantly increase the likelihood of developing myopia, is heredity.If at least one of the parents wore glasses, the risk of acquisition of myopia in childhood or adolescence significantly increases a child.
Vision at such a child may even worsen due to deficiency of vitamins in the daily diet, not only due to abuse of the computer and the TV.
second risk factor - stress and intense stress on the visual apparatus.Reading in poor lighting, excessive TV viewing, a long work behind the monitor screen - all this leads to the development of myopia.
third risk factor - incorrect glasses.Very often progressive myopia occurs due to improper adjustment or lack of it at the first sign of deteriorating vision.Too strong or too weak points can also lead to strain on the eye muscles, which further worsens the situation.
Myopia: treatment should be timely
If you notice the first symptoms of visual impairment, it is necessary to visit an ophthalmologist, without waiting for more serious symptoms.
, can severely aggravate the condition of the visual apparatus and cause severe progressive myopia If you do not correct even slight myopia.The ophthalmologist will help in time to pick points that will help you deal with any objects in the far distance, but in other cases they can be removed.
treatment of myopia in the home
In this case, treatment and prevention - it's almost the same thing.If you want to cure myopia without surgery to be effective, do not forget to do exercises for the eyes.Your eyes need a rest, so do not work at a computer for more than 30 minutes without a break.
Modern reality is that the duration of the operation of the monitor is usually very high, so you need time to time to give yourself at least 5-10 minutes of rest.
Gymnastics for the eyes will take you just 15 minutes a day, but it is noticeably strengthen eye muscles and improve accommodation.
important preventive element - diagnostic visit to an ophthalmologist, who will be able to track timely notice blurred vision or improve it.
Finally, human nutrition, suffering from myopia, should be the most complete, rich in protein, fiber, vitamins and trace elements.
must be zinc, magnesium, copper in the diet.Vitamins for the eyes with myopia now sold in almost every pharmacy, but before their purchase is best to consult with your doctor.