tonsils - is education, which are composed of lymphatic tissue cells.Laryngeal tonsil (adenoid or tonsil third), located behind the tongue and soft palate in the back of the nose and throat.Palatine symmetrically arranged in the oropharynx, starting from the end of the soft palate and base of tongue.
Tonsils - it's part of the human immune system.Their location is interconnected with the tasks performed by the body.There comes the multiplication of immune system cells that eliminate trapped when swallowing or breathing organisms.Their function is to destroy harmful bacteria and respirable pathogens.
allergies, upper respiratory tract infection and esophageal-pharyngeal reflux can lead to problems such as hypertrophy of the tonsils in children (or increase), resulting in the last populated colonies of bacteria.The disease most often occurs in children from three to ten years.In the older age as there is a spontaneous reduction associated with the maturation process of the immune system.
symptoms of tonsillar hypertrophy in children
Among the most common signs of enlarged tonsils recurrent infectious processes in the upper respiratory tract, which require antibiotic treatment, a sharp weight gain, sleep disorders, hearing loss (due to fluid accumulation in the tympanic membrane).If your child sleeps uneasily, sweating, snoring, waking up with a cough or coughing during sleep and when awake, complaining of a headache - consult a doctor immediately.
are three degrees of hypertrophy of the tonsils: 1 , 2 and 3. In assessing the degree of increase in physician takes into account the space occupied between the middle line of the pharynx and the anterior border of the palatal arch.In the case of filling each tonsil one-third of this space - developed hypertrophy of the tonsils 1 degree.
If tonsils occupy two-thirds of this space, then the child hypertrophy of the tonsils 2 degrees.3 degree - is filling the entire space tonsils.That space is filled with the increased space in the oropharynx, has a negative impact.Hypertrophy of tonsils grade 2 and 3 interferes with normal breathing and prevents the free movement of food.
treatment of disease
Acute inflammation is generally carried out a systematic treatment that is aimed at eliminating the signs (symptoms) of the disease and strengthen the immune system.If it is a bacterial infection, penetrating the body of a child of pathogenic bacteria that often require treatment with antibiotics.
In case of allergies or esophageal-pharyngeal reflux is required for an individual approach, as if treatment is to appoint a children's allergist or gastroenterologist.In any case it is recommended to consult at the otolaryngologist, who will determine how to treat your child's tonsils.
surgery hypertrophic tonsils
produces two types of operations: adenotomy (complete removal of the adenoids) and tonzillotomiyu (reducing the volume of the tonsils).Before carrying out both types of operations pediatrician is required to assess the overall state of well-being and health of the child.It is necessary to do blood tests (including test for clotting).The operation lasts from ten to thirty minutes, when its conduct is used general anesthesia.In the absence of complications the child discharged from the hospital the day of surgery.
Re-operation to remove - it is a very rare phenomenon, which mainly affects children with serious disorders of the immune system or esophageal-pharyngeal reflux.However, these diseases do not necessarily lead to the regrowth of the tonsils.According to doctors not adenotomy lowers the immunity defense, and tonsillectomy, on the contrary, leads to an increased vulnerability to infection within six months after the procedure.
Do not forget that this disease need careful diagnosis, because you need to answer the question of whether the reason of the disease re impact of infectious agents in the body of a young immature immune system.If so, the operation is likely to help.But do not forget about a special group of children who are exposed to allergies and immune disorders and the need for treatment of the underlying disease.