Glomerulonephritis is a bilateral renal pathology, and it is based on glomerular damage.The composition of glomerular includes a large number of capillary loops that form the filter.Liquid flows through the filter from the blood in the renal tubules.If the glomeruli are damaged, the filtering is broken.Thus through the wall with impaired integrity fall in urine protein, blood cells and its other components necessary for the human body.
addition kidneys lose the ability to remove toxins and water from the body, so the complications of glomerulonephritis are formed by a running process.
Glomerulonephritis means by a whole group of different pathologies.Classified primary form when the disease process is limited to renal disease, as well as the secondary form when kidney damage is due to the development of disease in the body system.The acute form of the disease is able to last up to several weeks, subacute - up to several months, and chronic - has been delayed for a year or longer.Chronic glomerulonephr
The main reasons for the development of glomerulonephritis include:
- Infectious Pathology, at least - bacterial diseases, as well as parasitic and viral infections.The mechanism of injury is immune and does not relate to the direct effects of infection agents.In this regard, it is developing infectious form of glomerulonephritis several weeks after recovery.
- Toxic factors, namely alcoholic beverages, organic solvents, mercury, drugs and certain medications.
- System pathologies of different origin - form of nodular nodosa, systemic lupus erythematosus, vasculitis, etc.
- Hereditary kidney damage.
Signs of acute forms of glomerulonephritis usually manifest themselves in two - three weeks after recovery from infectious diseases provoked by streptococci.Acute glomerulonephritis is shown as follows:
- Urinary Syndrome.
- Hypertensive syndrome.
- edema syndrome.
Glomerulonephritis in men and develops most commonly affects young adults.
Children acute glomerulonephritis symptoms occur repeatedly and very vigorously, but eventually end up in recovery.With the development of glomerulonephritis in adults more likely to develop subclinical form of the disease - for it are characteristic changes in urinalysis, the lack of common signs of the disease and the tendency to transform into a chronic course.
Glomerulonephritis usually begins with the raising of body temperature, chills, nausea, weakness, lack of appetite, headaches and pain in the lumbar area.At the same time the patient turns pale, and formed swelling of the eyelids.
In the acute form there is a decrease in urine output in the first five days of the disease, then the volume of urine increases and its density, on the contrary, decreases.
also an integral feature of glomerulonephritis - is the presence of blood in urine.Swelling of the face as a specific symptom that manifests itself in the morning and disappear throughout the day.
In 60% of cases of the disease in patients diagnosed with hypertension.In 80% of cases of glomerulonephritis provokes damage to the cardiovascular system.In addition to this work can be disrupted and the central nervous system to increase liver.
process of treating disease
therapy for the treatment of acute glomerulonephritis is carried out in a hospital.In this case the patient should follow a diet number 7 and strict bed rest.Organized as antibiotic therapy, correction of work produced immunity hormonal and non-hormonal means.By healing and anti-inflammatory activities include, and symptomatic therapy, which involves the removal of swelling and restoration of normal blood pressure parameters.
Subsequently, in order to prevent patients are advised to periodically spa treatment.After acute forms of disease, patients over the past two years are registered with a doctor nephrologist.
For the treatment of chronic forms of the disease during an exacerbation it is organized complex of therapeutic measures such as treatment of acute glomerulonephritis.Rules of treatment of the disease during remission depends on the severity of symptoms.