What causes kidney agenesis , symptoms and treatment of this anomaly

agenesis - a congenital disorder in which the child is completely absent, one or two buds.The absence of the two bodies is not compatible with life.Agenesis of one kidney is diagnosed relatively frequently - approximately 4 - 8% of children with abnormalities of the kidney structure.Agenesis is often combined with other abnormalities of the genitourinary system, the disease twice as often affected the male body.

reliable information that can be considered as agenesis of hereditary diseases, are transmitted from parents to their child is absent.Often the reasons for the formation of these anomalies are multiple abnormalities in the development of the fetus because of the influence on him of exogenous factors on embryonic development began.

Along with the absence of one of the kidneys in humans can develop other abnormalities of the structure of the urogenital system, such as the absence of ureteral or ejaculatory tract on the same side.Women with abnormalities identified agenesis structure genitalia, ch

aracterized by underdevelopment.Urinary and reproductive system in women are formed from different rudiments, so the simultaneous formation of such defect is considered irregular.

agenesis is considered to be congenital and not hereditary abnormality, it becomes a consequence of effects on the body of a pregnant woman exogenous factors during the first six weeks of fetal development.Also, the risk factors include diabetes in the expectant mother.

Species anomalies

most dangerous manifestation of this disease is considered to be bilateral renal agenesis.This anomaly is related to the third clinical type.Children with this defect often born already dead.But cases occurred in medical practice, when the baby was born full-term and alive.But died a few days later due to severe deficiency.In medicine, progress does not stand still, so now there is a special technical possibility for transplant donor kidney dialysis newborn and organizations.It becomes important time to make a correct diagnosis and to distinguish pathology from other possible kidney damage and urinary tract.

Unilateral renal agenesis with the presence of the ureter refers to the first clinical type and is considered a congenital malformation.In unilateral agenesis entire burden falls on only one kidney, which is almost always increases in size.The increased number of structural elements of the body makes it possible to carry out the work at once for two kidneys.But getting a kidney injury increases the risk of serious consequences and complications.

Unilateral renal agenesis with the presence of the ureter - this anomaly formed in the early stages of embryonic development of the urinary system.A manifestation of this disease is the lack of the ureteral orifice.Due to certain specific structural features of the body males, one kidney agenesis have combined with the absence of flow, is responsible for removal of the seminal fluid, and changes in seminal vesicles.These processes provoke the development of pain in the groin area, sacrum, pain during ejaculation, in addition to the sexual dysfunction.

Symptoms anomalies

Agenesis of the right kidney is shown in much the same way as that develops on the left, but some experts argue that the absence of the right kidney is diagnosed more often in contrast to the left agenesis, mainly in the female.Such processes can be correlated with the specific anatomical structure, since the right orgpnp size is much smaller than the size of the left, as it is somewhat shorter and more mobile in contrast to the left kidney, and in the normal state is below - this makes it more vulnerable.

Agenesis of the right kidney can begin to manifest itself in the first days after the birth of the child under the condition that the left kidney is not able to conduct a compensatory function.Symptoms of right-sided abnormalities manifested copious urination, frequent regurgitation, which become at times vomiting, severe dehydration, increased blood pressure, signs of general poisoning of the body and failure.

agenesis of the left kidney - this anomaly occurs almost as well as the right-hand anomaly, but in normal left kidney is significantly protruding in contrast to the right.The absence of the left kidney in a newborn is considered more severe cases, because her work is required to carry out the right kidney, which in turn is more mobile and less work in nature.

addition, in medicine there is evidence that the absence of the left kidney of the newborn often complemented by the absence of the ureter.This feature applies more to male patients.This anomaly is combined with the lack of outputting seminal duct fluid, defective development of bladder or abnormal structure of seminal vesicles.

Visual symptoms of the lack of the left kidney symptoms coincide with the lack of the right.These symptoms occur because of fetal malformations - compression of the fetus and water scarcity - an extension of the nasal bridge is too wide-set eyes, puffiness of the face with a defective developed chin, low set ears.

Treatment of anomalies

development of renal agenesis in a newborn is a serious threat to his life.Currently, there are only two methods of organization of treatment of the disease - is an antibacterial medication or surgery, that is a kidney transplant.In general, doctors prescribe the operation, even though the high risks to the life and health of the child, because this method is considered the most effective.

This is important! method of treatment should be related to the severity of violations of the kidney operation.Upon successful completion of the treatment of the child every chance to appear for further full life.

At bilateral renal agenesis is a lethal prognosis, and causes of death usually is not enough light due to the decrease in their size, lack of jobs and other urinary tract malformations.In this regard, the diagnosis of the fetus bilateral renal agenesis, doctors recommend to terminate a pregnancy, regardless of the term.Even if you can not accurately detect the presence of bilateral agenesis or pronounced hypoplasia or dysplasia should terminate the pregnancy because the listed anomalies contribute to water shortages and water scarcity, in turn, leads to kidney failure and its serious consequences.

About carrying out any action in relation to pathology solution takes only doctor, thoroughly familiar with the clinical picture and the possible consequences.

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