Congestive kidney - a syndrome that develops when blood flow failure and is characterized by hyperemia in the veins of the kidneys and degenerative disorders in epithelial tissue of the convoluted tubules of the kidneys.Clinically, this pathology is manifested proteinuria.
pathology in this disease develop kidney becomes much harder as compared to its normal state.In this state there is a large number of morphological changes in the kidney.The kidneys also become blue-red and covered with yellowish buds.The substance formed renal fat degeneration, renal capsule is stretched and shows a clear pattern of veins, and the body surface becomes wrinkled and uneven.
Morphologic affected organ study found the following congestive kidney symptoms: a clear separation of the cortex and medulla of each other, an increase in kidney glomeruli, the expansion of the renal vessels due to blood stasis, the presence of white blood cells and red blood cells in the kidney tubules, renal substance atrophied and th
The main manifestations of congestive kidney include: urinary syndrome, oliguria, increased urine specific gravity and mild proteinuria.Also, when the amount of stagnant urine night dominates the daily volume of urine because of its overabundance.The causes of this syndrome are explained by the influence of the central nervous system.The patient, who suffers from this disease, urine changes occur and reduced urine output.Urine contains an admixture of erythrocytes, and in the daytime with the urine output chlorides.
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A natural sign of stagnation in the kidney is proteinuria.This urine specific gravity is reduced, and the rhythm of its release significantly disrupted.Congestive kidney can cause other common symptoms, such as increased pressure indicators.
As a rule, this is not complicated professional diagnosis of the disease.To start foreseeing the differential diagnosis with other diseases - with glomerulonephritis, amyloidosis, etc.
Identify the functional state of the kidneys allows X-ray examination.In the diagnosis using laboratory testing of urine and blood, ultrasound, MRI and CT scans.Through the use of special optical device - a cystoscope - a doctor is able to examine the state of the ureters and the process of allocation of urine.
angiography are the most informative examination methods.To implement it in the patient body previously administered a small amount of a radioactive isotope, which allows you to leave a mark, and passes through a rays.Thus the attendance of violations in the body.
Organization and carrying out of treatment pathology
prolonged stagnation for the kidneys over time impairs kidney function and provokes renal failure.Stagnation in the kidneys causing serious complications such as the formation of stones, pyelonephritis, the spread of the inflammatory process in the body, secondary reduction in kidney size, an increase in pressure.In connection with the note, you must, as soon as possible to start treatment.
To reduce pain and prevent the destruction of kidney infections being treated analgesic and anti-infectives.required instrumental intervention or surgery to resume normal excretion of urine.Selection of the method of treatment relates to the reasons caused by stagnation.
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main goal of treatment - is to eliminate failure of the heart.Special medications prescribed by a doctor, make it possible to restore blood flow to the kidneys, improving it and expanding the renal vessels.
Due to the increased sodium excretion is an increase in urine output.In such situations, patients assigned a special diet with restriction of salt intake.
The best effect is produced soluble drugs containing sulfonamides and mercury.They accelerate the excretion of sodium of the body, and at the same time a decrease in urine specific gravity, reduced swelling and reduced blood pressure.Some patients with kidney and congestive heart failure symptoms is implemented hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis.
prevention as prevention of stagnation in the kidneys or after its elimination is required to limit the consumption of the food, which affect the normal kidney function.Narrow diet doctor individually for each patient.Suitable nutrition helps to recover from illness more quickly and makes the treatment more effective.
Sports and frequent walks in the fresh air is also a beneficial effect on kidney function.It is recommended to give up addictions, such as alcohol consumption and smoking.Alcohol adversely affect the state of the organism in general and especially in the kidneys and liver.Like this?Share with friends and acquaintances: