polycystic kidney disease called cystic transformation of the kidneys, in which groups are formed cysts in the kidneys.Cysts are spherical sacs are not cancerous nature, which contain watery fluid.
polycystic kidney disease is not limited to the defeat of one kidney - cysts can spread to other organs.Most people with polycystic kidney complain of a strong increase in blood pressure.In addition, there are high risks of developing kidney failure.
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The severity of disease can vary, and some complications are reversible.When conducting regular surveys may need emergency treatment to reduce lesions due to complications.
What causes the development of polycystic kidney
main reasons for the formation of polycystic related to hereditary factors.Genetics experts have discovered a particular gene that triggers the development of this disease.such a gene is located in one of their chromosomes, and inherit the disease can the child irrespective of its sex.
This deviation makes itself felt
Most often there are cases of progressive disease development.when the first signs of defeat are manifested only after forty years.By this age, the kidney parenchyma there is a set of extensions, filled with liquid.It is believed that this condition can be provoked by pathogenic formation of the membrane of the glomeruli of the kidneys and the renal tubules.Symptoms of the disease
Signs actively developing polycystic kidney manifested in the increase in body size on both sides and you feel pain.In addition, it can develop typical complications such as blood in the urine, the formation of kidney stones, high blood pressure, urinary infection channels defeat.The most dangerous complication - kidney failure is having a chronic course.
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Increased kidney size is detected during palpation.In addition, when pressure on the affected area of the patient complains of pain.The main cause of this pain - stretching the renal parenchyma as a result of proliferation of cysts.Basically, patients experience pain in the lower back or side.
Polycystic can affect not only the kidneys, but it was the kidneys are considered the most vulnerable organ.Also cysts formed in the liver, meninges, in the pancreas and in the seminal vesicles.
of treatment and selection of suitable formulations
The first treatment is based on the elimination of pathology manifested symptoms and complications.
Increased blood pressure.Control of the pressure performance helps to significantly reduce the activity of disease and slow down the damage to the kidneys.A combination of proper diet, intended to limit the intake of fat, salt, protein, reducing caloric intake, with smoking cessation, with an increase in physical activity and the prevention of stress helps to control pressure indicators.Also, to prevent the increase of pressure is required medications.Most often, people with polycystic kidney disease for high-pressure control used a special enzyme inhibitors.
Pain is usually focused in the back or sides and are a frequent sign of polycystic renal disease.Typically, the pain is mild and people are able to control it with the help of funds containing acetaminophen.But sometimes the pain is very strong and is not passing character - then the expert recommends that the surgical removal of cystic neoplasms.So what happens when large cysts that provoke pain.
When squeezing cysts veins or other organs may require surgical drainage
kidney and bladder infection required a rapid treatment because of antibiotic drugs to prevent further organ damage.
To prevent blood in the urine should drink plenty of fluids.It is also necessary to increase fluid intake when blood is detected in the urine.This method helps to dilute urine in it to prevent the formation of blood clots and occlusion of the urinary tract.Compliance with bed rest also helps to reduce bleeding.
renal insufficiency.With the loss of the possibility of kidney excretion toxins from the blood patient needs in the organization of a kidney transplant or dialysis.
cysts in the liver.Conservative treatment of cystic neoplasms of the liver is the abolition of hormone replacement therapy.Occasionally symptomatic cyst drainage or when a small amount is a partial resection or transplantation of a donor liver.
aneurysms.With the development of polycystic kidney disease or in clarifying cases of aneurysm rupture in the family specialist may recommend carrying out regular surveys for the presence of intracranial aneurysms.In identifying the presence of an aneurysm can be carried out of its surgical removal in order to reduce the risk of formation of bleeding, the strength of which depends on the size of the aneurysm.Conservative treatment of small-sized aneurysms is to conduct monitoring of high blood pressure and control cholesterol increase in the blood, as well as smoking cessation.
A careful approach to the elimination of each symptom outlook remains favorable treatment of the disease.Like this?Share with friends and acquaintances: