The gallbladder is one of the most problematic organs of the human body.Cholecystectomy is the second in frequency after performing appendectomy.Fatty foods, full of carbohydrates often leads to the development of gallstones, which is accompanied by a decrease in the amount of fiber in the nutritional diet.This, in turn, leads to obesity and physical inactivity.
Modern technologies allow for cholecystectomy without incisions or with a minimum number of them.Laparoscopic equipment is in each hospital.The patient during surgery under general anesthesia.Rehabilitation and postoperative periods depend on the nature of the operation, the extent of the disease, the general condition of the patient, presence of complications and other diseases.
Laparoscopes left in the patient's body only traces of punctures, not terrible scars.Thanks to advanced technology, patients recover faster, the body is restored rather than after conventional surgery.
operated in the traditional way the patient spends no mor
term rehabilitation and rapid recovery of health in many ways depends on the person.After cholecystectomy must adhere to a special diet.A balanced diet helps the body recover faster.
operated patients quickly come in shape.After a couple of hours after waking up you can already move his arms, legs, roll over on different sides, perform breathing exercises.the patient's lips moistened soaked in mineral or boiled water swab.Even after four hours the patient can rinse your mouth with broth chamomile or sage.Rinsing is recommended to regularly every hour.
Diet signs on the time elapsed after the operation:
- first day.If the patient feels well, during the first days after the operation he is allowed to sit on the bed, lowered his feet to the floor, and rapidly perform breathing exercises.The following day, in the absence of complications and patient well-being can drink mineral water without gas in small sips.Serve the patient should drink small portions.Instead of water, you can give the broth hips, but no sugar.The daily rate of the fluid must not exceed a liter.
- second day.Once a day the patient can independently get up and move around the room.All this time the breathing exercises must be performed regularly, with greater or lesser intensity.Promote recovery will also be a full body massage, special attention should be paid to the chest, shoulders, back.Regular massages should be done at least a month.
start drinking yogurt third day.Thirty-six hours after cholecystectomy patients can drink rather weak tea without sugar, nonfat yogurt, dried fruit jelly.Max single dose should not exceed 300 ml, and daily - a liter and a half.
- fourth - the fifth day.Dietary patient's diet expands depending on its condition and the recovery rate of the organism.The patient is fed only fresh juices and sugar.He can drink unsweetened pumpkin or apple juice, infusion or decoction of rose hips.You can vary the menu of mashed potatoes, fruit jelly, tea with a spoon of sugar.The daily fluid rate is increased to two liters.The single meal should not exceed two hundred grams.The patient was established six vosmirazovoe food.Lunch can be served pureed soups, which are based on weak non-fat broth or water.The soup can put butter or sour cream (a teaspoon).Boiled lean fish or protein omelet is not contraindicated.
- sixth or seventh day.The diet is added to the white stale bread, mashed or ground cereals, which should boil milk, diluted with water 1: 1.You can treat the patient unsweetened curd, ground in a blender boiled meat (rabbit, chicken, veal), vegetable purees, yogurt, natural yogurt with a low percentage of fat.The rate of fluid intake does not change.
- start eating mashed potatoes after eight days.patient diet resembles the normal diet.A set of products to be gentle, that is, you need to choose the diet products.Recommended steam cooking.Fish, meat, vegetables can be cooked.Submit to the table should chops lean meat, steamed, protein omelet, croquettes, meatballs, mashed potatoes without milk, curd pudding, steamed, homogenized porridge with milk low fat, fruit jelly, vegetable purees, unsweetened fruit juices, vegetables,stews and herring soaked in milk.
- After a month and a half.If necessary, you can enter into the diet of the patient vegetarian soups.Acceptance of eggs is limited to one per week.It is also recommended to use the structurally unstable porridge, boiled chicken, boiled veal, milk, cooked sausage.
basic rule of dieting
Exclude from the diet of spicy, greasy, salty, fried, very hot food.Meals are often small portions.
Every patient is different, so the power supply system and, of course, the daily diet is developed according to the characteristics of the organism.The healing process depends on the integrity of the patient and his relatives and friends who care for them.The food delivers the necessary energy for the effective recovery in the postoperative period.